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Catalysts 2019, 9(3), 209; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal9030209

Heterometallic CoIIIZnII Schiff Base Catalyst for Mild Hydroxylation of C(sp3)–H Bonds of Unactivated Alkanes: Evidence for Dual Mechanism Controlled by the Promoter

1
Centro de Química Estrutural, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
2
Department of Chemistry, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 64/13 Volodymyrska str., Kyiv 01601, Ukraine
3
School of Molecular Sciences, M310, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2019 / Revised: 12 February 2019 / Accepted: 13 February 2019 / Published: 26 February 2019
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Abstract

The novel Schiff base complex [CoIIIZnIIL3Cl2]·CH3OH (1) was synthesized by interaction of zinc powder, cobalt(II) chloride and methanol solution of the pre-formed HL in air (HL is the product of condensation of o-vanillin and methylamine) and characterized by IR, UV-Vis and NMR spectroscopy, ESI-MS and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In the heterometallic core of 1 the two metal centers are bridged by deprotonated phenoxy groups of the L ligands with the cobalt-zinc separation of 3.123 Å. Catalytic investigations demonstrated a pronounced activity of 1 towards mild alkane oxidation with m-chloroperbenzoic acid (m-CPBA) as an oxidant and cis-1,2-dimethylcyclohexane (cis-1,2-DMCH) as the model substrate. The influence of the nature of different promoting agents of various acidities (from HOTf to pyridine) on the catalytic process was studied in detail and a pronounced activity of 1 in the presence of nitric acid promoter was found, also showing a high retention of stereoconfiguration of the substrate (>99% for cis-1,2-DMCH). The best achieved yield of tertiary cis-alcohol based on the oxidant was 61%, with a turnover number (TON) of 198 for nitric acid as promoter. The 18O-incorporations into the alcohols when the reactions were performed under 18O2 atmosphere using acetic and nitric acid promoters, suggest that the cis-1,2-DMCH hydroxylation proceeds by two distinct pathways, a non-stereoselective and a stereoselective one (with and without involvement of a long-lived free carbon radical, respectively). The former dominates in the case of acetic acid promoter and the latter is realized in the case of HNO3 promoter. View Full-Text
Keywords: stereoselective C-H oxidation; metal complex catalysis; 18O isotopic labelling stereoselective C-H oxidation; metal complex catalysis; 18O isotopic labelling
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Nesterova, O.V.; Kasyanova, K.V.; Buvaylo, E.A.; Vassilyeva, O.Y.; Skelton, B.W.; Nesterov, D.S.; Pombeiro, A.J. Heterometallic CoIIIZnII Schiff Base Catalyst for Mild Hydroxylation of C(sp3)–H Bonds of Unactivated Alkanes: Evidence for Dual Mechanism Controlled by the Promoter. Catalysts 2019, 9, 209.

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