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Catalysts 2018, 8(9), 403; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8090403

Photooxidation of Cyclohexane by Visible and Near-UV Light Catalyzed by Tetraethylammonium Tetrachloroferrate

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA 95053, USA
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Received: 2 August 2018 / Revised: 6 September 2018 / Accepted: 18 September 2018 / Published: 19 September 2018
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Abstract

Tetraethylammonium tetrachloroferrate catalyzes the photooxidation of cyclohexane heterogeneously, exhibiting significant photocatalysis even in the visible portion of the spectrum. The photoproducts, cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone, initially develop at constant rates, implying that the ketone and the alcohol are both primary products. The yield is improved by the inclusion of 1% acetic acid in the cyclohexane. With small amounts of catalyst, the reaction rate increases with the amount of catalyst employed, but then passes through a maximum and decreases, due to increased reflection of the incident light. The reaction rate also passes through a maximum as the percentage of dioxygen above the sample is increased. This behavior is due to quenching by oxygen, which at the same time is a reactant. Under one set of reaction conditions, the photonic efficiency at 365 nm was 0.018 mol/Einstein. Compared to TiO2 as a catalyst, Et4N[FeCl4] generates lower yields at wavelengths below about 380 nm, but higher yields at longer wavelengths. Selectivity for cyclohexanol is considerably greater with Et4N[FeCl4], and oxidation does not proceed past cyclohexanone. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalysis; cyclohexane; cyclohexanol; cyclohexanone; tetrachloroferrate; photooxidation photocatalysis; cyclohexane; cyclohexanol; cyclohexanone; tetrachloroferrate; photooxidation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Fahy, K.M.; Liu, A.C.; Barnard, K.R.; Bright, V.R.; Enright, R.J.; Hoggard, P.E. Photooxidation of Cyclohexane by Visible and Near-UV Light Catalyzed by Tetraethylammonium Tetrachloroferrate. Catalysts 2018, 8, 403.

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