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Article

Efficient Dehydration of Fructose to 5-Hydroxy-methylfurfural Catalyzed by Heteropolyacid Salts

1
State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
2
National Key Laboratory of Biochemical Engineering, Institute of process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rafael Luque
Catalysts 2016, 6(4), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal6040049
Received: 14 November 2015 / Revised: 1 February 2016 / Accepted: 16 February 2016 / Published: 23 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalytic Conversion of Biomass)
5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF), which is derived from numerous industrial biomass resources, has attracted attention in recent years due to its potential as a building block. In this paper, a range of heteropolyacid salts had been investigated for the dehydration of fructose to 5-HMF. CePW12O40 demonstrated the best catalytic activity. Effects of fructose concentration, reaction temperature and reaction time on 5-HMF yield were investigated and optimised through a central composite design and response surface methodology. The optimal 5-HMF yield was 99.40% under the optimized reaction conditions of 5.48 mg/mL fructose loading, 158 °C temperature and 164 min reaction time. A kinetic analysis of the fructose conversion was also performed, and the activation energy and pre-exponential factor were obtained. View Full-Text
Keywords: 5-hydroxymethylfurfural; dehydration; fructose; heteropolyacid salt; response-surface-methodology optimisation 5-hydroxymethylfurfural; dehydration; fructose; heteropolyacid salt; response-surface-methodology optimisation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, Y.; Wang, X.; Qu, Y.; Huang, C.; Li, Y.; Chen, B. Efficient Dehydration of Fructose to 5-Hydroxy-methylfurfural Catalyzed by Heteropolyacid Salts. Catalysts 2016, 6, 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal6040049

AMA Style

Song Y, Wang X, Qu Y, Huang C, Li Y, Chen B. Efficient Dehydration of Fructose to 5-Hydroxy-methylfurfural Catalyzed by Heteropolyacid Salts. Catalysts. 2016; 6(4):49. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal6040049

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Yanlei, Xincheng Wang, Yongshui Qu, Chongpin Huang, Yingxia Li, and Biaohua Chen. 2016. "Efficient Dehydration of Fructose to 5-Hydroxy-methylfurfural Catalyzed by Heteropolyacid Salts" Catalysts 6, no. 4: 49. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal6040049

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