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Review

Propylene Synthesis: Recent Advances in the Use of Pt-Based Catalysts for Propane Dehydrogenation Reaction

Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II 132, 84084 Fisciano, SA, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Stanisław Wacławek, Dionysios (Dion) D. Dionysiou, Andrzej Kudelski and Jochen A. Lauterbach
Catalysts 2021, 11(9), 1070; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal11091070
Received: 10 August 2021 / Revised: 30 August 2021 / Accepted: 2 September 2021 / Published: 3 September 2021
Propylene is one of the most important feedstocks in the chemical industry, as it is used in the production of widely diffused materials such as polypropylene. Conventionally, propylene is obtained by cracking petroleum-derived naphtha and is a by-product of ethylene production. To ensure adequate propylene production, an alternative is needed, and propane dehydrogenation is considered the most interesting process. In literature, the catalysts that have shown the best performance in the dehydrogenation reaction are Cr-based and Pt-based. Chromium has the non-negligible disadvantage of toxicity; on the other hand, platinum shows several advantages, such as a higher reaction rate and stability. This review article summarizes the latest published results on the use of platinum-based catalysts for the propane dehydrogenation reaction. The manuscript is based on relevant articles from the past three years and mainly focuses on how both promoters and supports may affect the catalytic activity. The published results clearly show the crucial importance of the choice of the support, as not only the use of promoters but also the use of supports with tuned acid/base properties and particular shape can suppress the formation of coke and prevent the deep dehydrogenation of propylene. View Full-Text
Keywords: propane dehydrogenation; propylene; platinum; catalysis propane dehydrogenation; propylene; platinum; catalysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martino, M.; Meloni, E.; Festa, G.; Palma, V. Propylene Synthesis: Recent Advances in the Use of Pt-Based Catalysts for Propane Dehydrogenation Reaction. Catalysts 2021, 11, 1070. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal11091070

AMA Style

Martino M, Meloni E, Festa G, Palma V. Propylene Synthesis: Recent Advances in the Use of Pt-Based Catalysts for Propane Dehydrogenation Reaction. Catalysts. 2021; 11(9):1070. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal11091070

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martino, Marco, Eugenio Meloni, Giovanni Festa, and Vincenzo Palma. 2021. "Propylene Synthesis: Recent Advances in the Use of Pt-Based Catalysts for Propane Dehydrogenation Reaction" Catalysts 11, no. 9: 1070. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal11091070

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