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Open AccessReview

Synthesis and Surface Modification of TiO2-Based Photocatalysts for the Conversion of CO2

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi P.O. Box 127788, UAE
2
Research and Innovation Center on CO2 and H2 (RICH Center), Khalifa University, Abu Dhabi P.O. Box 127788, UAE
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2020, 10(2), 227; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10020227
Received: 12 December 2019 / Revised: 22 January 2020 / Accepted: 23 January 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
Among all greenhouse gases, CO2 is considered the most potent and the largest contributor to global warming. In this review, photocatalysis is presented as a promising technology to address the current global concern of industrial CO2 emissions. Photocatalysis utilizes a semiconductor material under renewable solar energy to reduce CO2 into an array of high-value fuels including methane, methanol, formaldehyde and formic acid. Herein, the kinetic and thermodynamic principles of CO2 photoreduction are thoroughly discussed and the CO2 reduction mechanism and pathways are described. Methods to enhance the adsorption of CO2 on the surface of semiconductors are also presented. Due to its efficient photoactivity, high stability, low cost, and safety, the semiconductor TiO2 is currently being widely investigated for its photocatalytic ability in reducing CO2 when suitably modified. The recent TiO2 synthesis and modification strategies that may be employed to enhance the efficiency of the CO2 photoreduction process are described. These modification techniques, including metal deposition, metal/non-metal doping, carbon-based material loading, semiconductor heterostructures, and dispersion on high surface area supports, aim to improve the light absorption, charge separation, and active surface of TiO2 in addition to increasing product yield and selectivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalytic reduction; CO2; TiO2 photocatalysts; surface modification; solar fuel photocatalytic reduction; CO2; TiO2 photocatalysts; surface modification; solar fuel
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al Jitan, S.; Palmisano, G.; Garlisi, C. Synthesis and Surface Modification of TiO2-Based Photocatalysts for the Conversion of CO2. Catalysts 2020, 10, 227.

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