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Open AccessArticle

NiPd Supported on Mesostructured Silica Nanoparticle as Efficient Anode Electrocatalyst for Methanol Electrooxidation in Alkaline Media

1
Fuel Cell Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
2
Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Catalysts 2020, 10(11), 1235; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10111235
Received: 28 September 2020 / Revised: 19 October 2020 / Accepted: 20 October 2020 / Published: 25 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cell and Battery Applications)
The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) is a portable device and has the potential to produce 10 times higher energy density than lithium-ion rechargeable batteries. It is essential to build efficient methanol electrooxidation reaction electrocatalysts for DMFCs to achieve their practical application in future energy storage and conversion. A catalyst consisting of nickel–palladium supported onto mesostructured silica nanoparticles (NiPd–MSN) was synthesized by the wet impregnation method, while MSN was synthesized using the sol-gel method. MSN act as a catalyst support and has very good characteristics for practical support due to its large surface area (>1000 m2/g) and good chemical and mechanical stability. The microstructure and catalytic activity of the electrocatalysts were analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Brunauer–Emmet–Teller (BET) theory, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), cyclic voltammetry (CV), and chronoamperometry (CA). XRD showed that the NiPd–MSN electrocatalysts had a high crystallinity of PdO and NiO, while FESEM displayed that NiPd was dispersed homogeneously onto the high surface area of MSN. In alkaline media, the catalytic activity toward the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) of NiPd–MSN demonstrated the highest, which was 657.03 mA mg−1 more than the other electrocatalysts. After 3600 s of CA analysis at −0.2 V (vs. Ag/AgCl), the MOR mass activity of NiPd–MSN in alkaline media was retained at a higher mass activity of 190.8 mA mg−1 while the other electrocatalyst was significantly lower than that. This electrocatalyst is a promising anode material toward MOR in alkaline media. View Full-Text
Keywords: methanol oxidation reaction; alkaline medium; electrocatalyst; nickel; mesostructured silica nanoparticles methanol oxidation reaction; alkaline medium; electrocatalyst; nickel; mesostructured silica nanoparticles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mansor, M.; Timmiati, S.N.; Wong, W.Y.; Mohd Zainoodin, A.; Lim, K.L.; Kamarudin, S.K. NiPd Supported on Mesostructured Silica Nanoparticle as Efficient Anode Electrocatalyst for Methanol Electrooxidation in Alkaline Media. Catalysts 2020, 10, 1235.

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