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Article

Fifteen Years of Regulating Nutrition and Health Claims in Europe: The Past, the Present and the Future

Food Claims Centre Venlo, Campus Venlo, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Maastricht University, 5900 AA Venlo, The Netherlands
Academic Editor: Daniela Martini
Nutrients 2021, 13(5), 1725; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051725
Received: 16 March 2021 / Revised: 17 May 2021 / Accepted: 18 May 2021 / Published: 19 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition to Optimise Human Health)
Suggestions that a food contains healthy ingredients or that it can provide beneficial effects upon consumption have been regulated in the EU since 2006. This paper describes the analysis of how this nutrition and health claim regulation has resulted in over 300 authorised claims and how the authorisation requirements and processes have affected the use of claims on foods. Five challenges are identified that negatively affect the current legislation dealing with nutrition and health claims: non-reviewed botanical claims (as well as on hold claims for infants and young children), the lack of nutrient profiles and the focus of claims on single ingredients, consumer understanding, research into health effects of nutrition and finally, enforcement. These challenges are shown to influence the goals of the regulation: protecting consumers from false and misleading claims and stimulating the development of a level playing field in the EU, to foster innovation. Tackling these political and scientific substantiation questions for health claims, together with continuously analysing the understanding and usage of claims by consumers and operators will ensure that the NHCR will stay effective, today and in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: European Food Safety Authority; nutrition; functional foods; European food law; risk assessment European Food Safety Authority; nutrition; functional foods; European food law; risk assessment
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MDPI and ACS Style

de Boer, A. Fifteen Years of Regulating Nutrition and Health Claims in Europe: The Past, the Present and the Future. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1725. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051725

AMA Style

de Boer A. Fifteen Years of Regulating Nutrition and Health Claims in Europe: The Past, the Present and the Future. Nutrients. 2021; 13(5):1725. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051725

Chicago/Turabian Style

de Boer, Alie. 2021. "Fifteen Years of Regulating Nutrition and Health Claims in Europe: The Past, the Present and the Future" Nutrients 13, no. 5: 1725. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051725

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