The THz Atmospheric Limb Sounder (TALIS) is a Chinese sub-millimeter limb sounder being designed by National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences to measure the temperature and chemical constituents vertically in the middle and upper atmosphere, with good precision and vertical resolution. This paper presents a simulation study that assesses the measurement errors and their impacts on the retrievals. Three error sources, including instrument uncertainties, calibration errors and a priori errors, are considered. The sideband weight uncertainty, the local oscillator, the pointing angle offsets and the measurement noise (NEDT), are considered as instrument uncertainties. Calibration errors consist of the hot target offset, the nonlinearity residual of the two-point calibration, use of the Rayleigh–Jeans (R–J) approximation and the choice of the antenna pattern. A priori profile errors of temperature, pressure and species are also considered. The results suggest that the antenna pattern mainly affects the retrievals in the troposphere. The NEDT is a major error source affecting all of the retrievals. The R–J approximation has a great impact upon the retrievals at 643 GHz, and should not be used. The local oscillator offset leads to an obvious error above 50 km. The effect of nonlinearity residuals cannot be neglected above 70 km. The impact of the sideband weight uncertainty and the hot target offset are relatively small. The pointing and the a priori errors can be neglected in most observation regions.
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