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Remote Sens. 2019, 11(3), 331; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11030331

Intensity Data Correction for Long-Range Terrestrial Laser Scanners: A Case Study of Target Differentiation in an Intertidal Zone

1
State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, NO. 500, Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, China
2
College of Surveying and Geo-Informatics, Tongji University, NO. 1239, Siping Road, Shanghai 200092, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 January 2019 / Revised: 1 February 2019 / Accepted: 4 February 2019 / Published: 8 February 2019
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Abstract

The intensity data recorded by a terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) contain spectral characteristics of a scanned target and are mainly influenced by incidence angle and distance. In this study, an improved implementable method is proposed to empirically correct the intensity data of long-distance TLSs. Similar to existing methods, the incidence angle–intensity relationship is estimated using some reference targets scanned in the laboratory. By contrast, due to the length limit of indoor environments and the laborious data processing, the distance–intensity relationship is derived by selecting some natural homogeneous targets with distances covering the entire distance scale of the adopted long-distance TLS. A case study of intensity correction and point cloud classification in an intertidal zone in Chongming Island, Shanghai, China, is conducted to validate the feasibility of the improved method by using the intensity data of a long-distance TLS (Riegl VZ-4000). Results indicate that the improved method can accurately eliminate the effects of incidence angle and distance on the intensity data of long-distance TLSs; the coefficient of variation of the intensity data for the targets in the study intertidal zone can be reduced by approximately 54%. The classification results of the study intertidal zone show that the improved method can effectively eliminate the variations caused by the incidence angle and distance in the original intensity data of the same target to obtain a corrected intensity that merely depends on target characteristics for improving classification accuracy by 49%. View Full-Text
Keywords: Long-range TLS; point cloud classification; intensity correction; intertidal zone; coastal mapping; muddy flat Long-range TLS; point cloud classification; intensity correction; intertidal zone; coastal mapping; muddy flat
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Tan, K.; Chen, J.; Qian, W.; Zhang, W.; Shen, F.; Cheng, X. Intensity Data Correction for Long-Range Terrestrial Laser Scanners: A Case Study of Target Differentiation in an Intertidal Zone. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 331.

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