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Article

Evaluation of Vegetation Biophysical Variables Time Series Derived from Synthetic Sentinel-2 Images

Canada Center for Remote Sensing, Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation, Natural Resources Canada, 6th Floor, 560 Rochester Street, Ottawa, ON K1A 0E4, Canada
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Remote Sens. 2019, 11(13), 1547; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11131547
Received: 22 May 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 26 June 2019 / Published: 29 June 2019
Time series of vegetation biophysical variables (leaf area index (LAI), fraction canopy cover (FCOVER), fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FAPAR), canopy chlorophyll content (CCC), and canopy water content (CWC)) were estimated from interpolated Sentinel-2 (S2-LIKE) surface reflectance images, for an agricultural region located in central Canada, using the Simplified Level 2 Product Prototype Processor (SL2P). S2-LIKE surface reflectance data were generated by blending clear-sky Sentinel-2 Multispectral Imager (S2-MSI) images with daily BRDF-adjusted Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer images using the Prediction Smooth Reflectance Fusion Model (PSFRM), and validated using thirteen independent S2-MSI images (RMSE 6%). The uncertainty of S2-LIKE surface reflectance data increases with the time delay between the prediction date and the closest S2-MSI image used for training PSFRM. Vegetation biophysical variables from S2-LIKE products are validated qualitatively and quantitatively by comparison to the corresponding vegetation biophysical variables from S2-MSI products (RMSE = 0.55 for LAI, ~10% for FCOVER and FAPAR, and 0.13 g/m2 for CCC and 0.16 kg/m2 for CWC). Uncertainties of vegetation biophysical variables derived from S2-LIKE products are almost linearly related to the uncertainty of the input reflectance data. When compared to the in situ measurements collected during the Soil Moisture Active Passive Validation Experiment 2016 field campaign, uncertainties of LAI (0.83) and FCOVER (13.73%) estimates from S2-LIKE products were slightly larger than uncertainties of LAI (0.57) and FCOVER (11.80%) estimates from S2-MSI products. However, equal uncertainties (0.32 kg/m2) were obtained for CWC estimates using SL2P with either S2-LIKE or S2-MSI input data. View Full-Text
Keywords: vegetation biophysical variables; time series; medium resolution; S2-LIKE; S2-MSI; MODIS/NBAR; PSRFM; SL2P vegetation biophysical variables; time series; medium resolution; S2-LIKE; S2-MSI; MODIS/NBAR; PSRFM; SL2P
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MDPI and ACS Style

Djamai, N.; Zhong, D.; Fernandes, R.; Zhou, F. Evaluation of Vegetation Biophysical Variables Time Series Derived from Synthetic Sentinel-2 Images. Remote Sens. 2019, 11, 1547. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11131547

AMA Style

Djamai N, Zhong D, Fernandes R, Zhou F. Evaluation of Vegetation Biophysical Variables Time Series Derived from Synthetic Sentinel-2 Images. Remote Sensing. 2019; 11(13):1547. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11131547

Chicago/Turabian Style

Djamai, Najib; Zhong, Detang; Fernandes, Richard; Zhou, Fuqun. 2019. "Evaluation of Vegetation Biophysical Variables Time Series Derived from Synthetic Sentinel-2 Images" Remote Sens. 11, no. 13: 1547. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11131547

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