Investigation of the Fetch Effect Using Onshore and Offshore Vertical LiDAR Devices
AbstractAn offshore wind measurement campaign using vertical light detection and ranging (LiDAR) devices was conducted at the Hazaki Oceanographic Research Station (HORS) as part of an investigation into determining the optimal distance from the coast for a nearshore wind farm from a meteorological perspective. The research platform was a 427 m long pier located on a rectilinear coastline on the Pacific coast of the central Honshu Island in Japan. The relationship between the ratios of the increase of wind speed near the surface and fetch length within 5 km of the coast was analyzed via LiDAR observations taken at heights from 40 to 200 m. The results showed that the speed of the coastal wind blowing from land to sea gradually increased as the fetch length increased, by approximately 15–20% at 50 m above sea level around a fetch length of 2 km. Moreover, empirical equations were derived by applying the power law to the relationship between the increase of wind speed and fetch lengths at 1–5 km, as obtained from the LiDAR measurements. It was also found that the wind speed increase at a 2 km fetch length was equivalent to the effect of a 50–90 m vertical height increase on the coast in this region. View Full-Text
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Shimada, S.; Takeyama, Y.; Kogaki, T.; Ohsawa, T.; Nakamura, S. Investigation of the Fetch Effect Using Onshore and Offshore Vertical LiDAR Devices. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1408.
Shimada S, Takeyama Y, Kogaki T, Ohsawa T, Nakamura S. Investigation of the Fetch Effect Using Onshore and Offshore Vertical LiDAR Devices. Remote Sensing. 2018; 10(9):1408.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shimada, Susumu; Takeyama, Yuko; Kogaki, Tetsuya; Ohsawa, Teruo; Nakamura, Satoshi. 2018. "Investigation of the Fetch Effect Using Onshore and Offshore Vertical LiDAR Devices." Remote Sens. 10, no. 9: 1408.
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