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Multiscale and Multifeature Segmentation of High-Spatial Resolution Remote Sensing Images Using Superpixels with Mutual Optimal Strategy

1
School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center of Geospatial Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
3
Sichuan Institute of Aerospace System Engineering, Chengdu 610100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2018, 10(8), 1289; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10081289
Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 7 August 2018 / Accepted: 9 August 2018 / Published: 15 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Superpixel based Analysis and Classification of Remote Sensing Images)
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Abstract

High spatial resolution (HSR) image segmentation is considered to be a major challenge for object-oriented remote sensing applications that have been extensively studied in the past. In this paper, we propose a fast and efficient framework for multiscale and multifeatured hierarchical image segmentation (MMHS). First, the HSR image pixels were clustered into a small number of superpixels using a simple linear iterative clustering algorithm (SLIC) on modern graphic processing units (GPUs), and then a region adjacency graph (RAG) and nearest neighbors graph (NNG) were constructed based on adjacent superpixels. At the same time, the RAG and NNG successfully integrated spectral information, texture information, and structural information from a small number of superpixels to enhance its expressiveness. Finally, a multiscale hierarchical grouping algorithm was implemented to merge these superpixels using local-mutual best region merging (LMM). We compared the experiments with three state-of-the-art segmentation algorithms, i.e., the watershed transform segmentation (WTS) method, the mean shift (MS) method, the multiresolution segmentation (MRS) method integrated in commercial software, eCognition9, on New York HSR image datasets, and the ISPRS Potsdam dataset. Computationally, our algorithm was dozens of times faster than the others, and it also had the best segmentation effect through visual assessment. The supervised and unsupervised evaluation results further proved the superiority of the MMHS algorithm. View Full-Text
Keywords: image segmentation; high spatial resolution (HSR); multifeature; multiscale; superpixel; adjacency graph image segmentation; high spatial resolution (HSR); multifeature; multiscale; superpixel; adjacency graph
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Fu, Z.; Sun, Y.; Fan, L.; Han, Y. Multiscale and Multifeature Segmentation of High-Spatial Resolution Remote Sensing Images Using Superpixels with Mutual Optimal Strategy. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1289.

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