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Inter-Calibration of HY-1B/COCTS Thermal Infrared Channels with MetOp-A/IASI

1
Department of Marine Technology, College of Information Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
2
Department of Meteorology, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6BB, UK
3
National Centre for Earth Observation, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6BB, UK
4
Laboratory for Regional Oceanography and Numerical Modeling, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266071, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Remote Sens. 2018, 10(8), 1173; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10081173
Received: 13 June 2018 / Revised: 16 July 2018 / Accepted: 20 July 2018 / Published: 25 July 2018
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Abstract

The Chinese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner (COCTS) on board the Haiyang-1B (HY-1B) satellite has two thermal infrared channels (9 and 10) centred near 11 μm and 12 μm, respectively, which are intended for sea surface temperature (SST) observations. To improve the accuracy of COCTS SSTs, inter-calibration of COCTS thermal infrared radiance is carried out. The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) on board MetOp-A satellite is used as inter-calibration reference owing to its hyperspectral nature and high-quality measurements. The inter-calibration of HY-1B COCTS thermal infrared radiances with IASI is undertaken for data from the Period 2009–2011 located in the northwest Pacific. Collocations of COCTS radiance with IASI are identified within a temporal window of 30 min, a spatial window of 0.12° and an atmospheric path tolerance of 3%. Matched IASI spectra are convolved with the COCTS spectral response functions, while COCTS pixels within the footprint of each IASI pixel are spatially averaged, thus creating matched IASI-COCTS radiance pairs that should agree well in the absence of satellite biases. The radiances of COCTS 11 and 12 μm channel are lower than IASI with relatively large biases, and a strong dependence of difference on radiance in the case of 11 μm channel. We used linear robust regression for four different detectors of COCTS separately to obtain the inter-calibration coefficients to correct the COCTS radiance. After correction, the mean values of COCTS 11 and 12 μm channel minus IASI radiance are −0.02 mW m−2 cm sr−1 and −0.01 mW m−2 cm sr−1, respectively, with corresponding standard deviations of 0.51 mW m−2 cm sr−1 and 0.57 mW m−2 cm sr−1. Striped noise is present in COCTS original radiance imagery associated with inconsistency among the four detectors, and inter-calibration is shown to reduce, although not eliminate, the striping. The calibration accuracy of COCTS is improved after inter-calibration, which is potentially useful for improving COCTS SST accuracy in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chinese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner (COCTS); Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI); satellite calibration; inter-calibration; infrared Chinese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner (COCTS); Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI); satellite calibration; inter-calibration; infrared
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Liu, M.; Merchant, C.J.; Guan, L.; Mittaz, J.P.D. Inter-Calibration of HY-1B/COCTS Thermal Infrared Channels with MetOp-A/IASI. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1173.

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