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Remote Sens. 2018, 10(12), 1966; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs10121966

Ground Moving Target Imaging and Analysis for Near-Space Hypersonic Vehicle-Borne Synthetic Aperture Radar System with Squint Angle

1
National Laboratory of Radar Signal Processing, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Millimeter Waves, School of Information Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 November 2018 / Revised: 28 November 2018 / Accepted: 4 December 2018 / Published: 6 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radar Imaging Theory, Techniques, and Applications)
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Abstract

Near space is the key to integrating “sky” and “space” into the future. A synthetic aperture radar (SAR) that works in this area would initiate a technological revolution for remote sensing applications. This study mainly focused on ground moving target imaging (GMTIm) for a near-space hypersonic vehicle-borne SAR (NS-HSV-SAR) with squint angle. The range history, parameter coupling, and Doppler ambiguity of the squint-looking NS-HSV-SAR are more complicated than traditional side-looking airborne or space-borne SARs. Thus, a precise range model is presented on the basis of phase error analyses. Then, all potential distributions of echo’s azimuth spectrum are derived, and a GMTIm method is proposed on the basis of a detailed analysis of the echo characteristics. The proposed method consists of three steps. Firstly, a prior information-based pre-processing function was created to decrease the Doppler ambiguity and range migration effects. Secondly, a blur matched keystone transform was developed to correct the residual range walk migration. Thirdly, a time-saving chirp Fourier transform was investigated for azimuth focusing. Implementation considerations, including the curvilinear trajectory of the NS-HSV-SAR, multiple moving target imaging, and applicability and limitation of the method, are discussed. Finally, simulation results are presented to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method. View Full-Text
Keywords: near-space hypersonic vehicle; synthetic aperture radar; ground moving target imaging; squint angle; Doppler centre blur; Doppler spectrum ambiguity; curvilinear trajectory near-space hypersonic vehicle; synthetic aperture radar; ground moving target imaging; squint angle; Doppler centre blur; Doppler spectrum ambiguity; curvilinear trajectory
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, Z.; Zhou, Y.; Zhang, L.; Lin, C.; Huang, Y.; Tang, S. Ground Moving Target Imaging and Analysis for Near-Space Hypersonic Vehicle-Borne Synthetic Aperture Radar System with Squint Angle. Remote Sens. 2018, 10, 1966.

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