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Effects of Climate Change on Outdoor Skating in the Bei Hai Park of Beijing and Related Adaptive Strategies

Tourism School, Sichuan University, 24 South Section 1 Ring Road No. 1, Chengdu, Sichuan 610065, China
Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1147;
Received: 28 May 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 21 June 2017 / Published: 30 June 2017
This paper reports findings derived from a study of the impacts of climate change on winter outdoor skating activities in the Chinese park of Bei Hai from 1989 to 2015. Based on field observation data and in-depth interviews, it was concluded that the outdoor skating activities, with a history of more than 1000 years, are being threatened by the warming climate. The opening dates and duration times of skating over the last 26 years showed periodic variations over three-year cycles. Increases of temperatures by 1 °C in December were associated with a 3.80-day delay in the skating-field opening dates and a 4.49-day decrease in the operation duration times. In particular, climate change has resulted in a loss of the skating field area and a reduction in the operation duration times, and tourists are moving north for skating-related recreation or conducting alternative activities. The current adaptive strategies are not very effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; skating; Beijing; Bei Hai Park; tourism climate change; skating; Beijing; Bei Hai Park; tourism
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Liu, J.; Cheng, H.; Sun, X.; Huang, L.; Fan, Q.; Liu, H. Effects of Climate Change on Outdoor Skating in the Bei Hai Park of Beijing and Related Adaptive Strategies. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1147.

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