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Resilience and Sustainability of the Water Sector during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Centre of UNESCO Chair in Groundwater, Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of the Western Cape (UWC), Bellville 7535, South Africa
Water Research Commission of South Africa, Lynnwood Manor, Pretoria 0081, South Africa
Centre for Water and Sanitation Research, Department of Civil Engineering and Geomatics, Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT), Bellville 7535, South Africa
Faculty of Science, Engineering, and Agriculture, University of Venda, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
Water Research Group, Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North West University (NWU), Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa
Centre for Transformative Agricultural and Food Systems, School of Agricultural, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Scottsville, Pietermaritzburg 3209, South Africa
International Water Management Institute (IWMI-GH), West Africa Office, PMB CT 112 Cantonments, Accra GA015, Ghana
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mashor Housh
Sustainability 2022, 14(3), 1482;
Received: 4 January 2022 / Revised: 25 January 2022 / Accepted: 25 January 2022 / Published: 27 January 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic brought unprecedented socio-economic changes, ushering in a “new (ab)normal” way of living and human interaction. The water sector was not spared from the effects of the pandemic, a period in which the sector had to adapt rapidly and continue providing innovative water and sanitation solutions. This study unpacks and interrogates approaches, products, and services adopted by the water sector in response to the unprecedented lockdowns, heralding novel terrains, and fundamental paradigm shifts, both at the community and the workplace. The study highlights the wider societal perspective regarding the water and sanitation challenges that grappled society before, during, after, and beyond the pandemic. The premise is to provide plausible transitional pathways towards a new (ab)normal in adopting new models, as evidenced by the dismantling of the normal way of conducting business at the workplace and human interaction in an era inundated with social media, virtual communication, and disruptive technologies, which have transitioned absolutely everything into a virtual way of life. As such, the novel approaches have fast-tracked a transition into the 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR), with significant trade-offs to traditional business models and human interactions. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptive management; transition; sustainability; transformation; industrial revolution adaptive management; transition; sustainability; transformation; industrial revolution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Goldin, J.; Nhamo, L.; Ncube, B.; Zvimba, J.N.; Petja, B.; Mpandeli, S.; Nomquphu, W.; Hlophe-Ginindza, S.; Greeff-Laubscher, M.R.; Molose, V.; Lottering, S.; Liphadzi, S.; Naidoo, D.; Mabhaudhi, T. Resilience and Sustainability of the Water Sector during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sustainability 2022, 14, 1482.

AMA Style

Goldin J, Nhamo L, Ncube B, Zvimba JN, Petja B, Mpandeli S, Nomquphu W, Hlophe-Ginindza S, Greeff-Laubscher MR, Molose V, Lottering S, Liphadzi S, Naidoo D, Mabhaudhi T. Resilience and Sustainability of the Water Sector during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sustainability. 2022; 14(3):1482.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goldin, Jacqueline, Luxon Nhamo, Bongani Ncube, John Ngoni Zvimba, Brilliant Petja, Sylvester Mpandeli, Wandile Nomquphu, Samkelisiwe Hlophe-Ginindza, Mariska Riana Greeff-Laubscher, Virginia Molose, Shenelle Lottering, Stanley Liphadzi, Dhesigen Naidoo, and Tafadzwanashe Mabhaudhi. 2022. "Resilience and Sustainability of the Water Sector during the COVID-19 Pandemic" Sustainability 14, no. 3: 1482.

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