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Review

Token Economy for Sustainable Education in the Future: A Scoping Review

1
Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Malaysia
2
Faculty of Social Sciences & Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jordi Colomer Feliu
Sustainability 2022, 14(2), 716; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020716
Received: 10 November 2021 / Revised: 24 November 2021 / Accepted: 4 December 2021 / Published: 10 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability on Education Policies)
This research aims to examine the use of a token economy for education sustainability. It presents a recent review and evaluation of the token economy used among young learners and learners with special needs for behavior management and learning engagement in teaching. Online articles from Google Scholar, ERIC, and UKMLibrary were used. The terms used for reviewing the articles were token economy, token systems, positive reinforcement, and rewards. The scoping review protocol was used for this study. A total of 60 relevant articles published from 2000 to 2020 were filtered and grouped into three major themes for review: behavior management, learning engagement, and types of tokens. Findings suggested that although previous research had examined the impact of a token economy on behavior management and learning engagement, there was limited research on the correlation between teaching methods and social fairness. Teachers as the main participants in assessing the effectiveness of a token economy, were also lacking. Additionally, the use of social and physical reinforcers was found to assist in obtaining the desired behaviors and learning engagement from participants, thereby enabling them to sustain learners’ interest in future lessons. View Full-Text
Keywords: token economy; token systems; positive reinforcement; rewards; young learners token economy; token systems; positive reinforcement; rewards; young learners
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tan, K.H.; Kasiveloo, M.; Abdullah, I.H. Token Economy for Sustainable Education in the Future: A Scoping Review. Sustainability 2022, 14, 716. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020716

AMA Style

Tan KH, Kasiveloo M, Abdullah IH. Token Economy for Sustainable Education in the Future: A Scoping Review. Sustainability. 2022; 14(2):716. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020716

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tan, Kim H., Mathura Kasiveloo, and Imran H. Abdullah. 2022. "Token Economy for Sustainable Education in the Future: A Scoping Review" Sustainability 14, no. 2: 716. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14020716

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