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Drought Disaster Risk Adaptation through Ecosystem Services-Based Solutions: Way Forward for South Africa

Risk & Vulnerability Science Centre, Alice Campus, University of Fort Hare, Alice 5700, South Africa
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Academic Editors: Godwell Nhamo, Kaitano Dube, David Chikodzi and Lazarus Chapungu
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4132; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084132
Received: 23 January 2021 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 17 February 2021 / Published: 8 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Sustainable Development in the Global South)
Ecosystem services refer to the direct and indirect benefits to humanity from an ecosystem. The ability to spatially incorporate multiple biophysical environments is crucial to ecosystem services, thus promoting cooperation between science and policy in seeking solutions to global challenges, including drought disasters. Therefore, understanding ecosystem services, for instance, from forest/vegetation in view of contributing to drought disaster risk adaptation is critical to human-nature interactions and proper sustainable conservation thereof. No known study has been done on ecosystem services and their contributions to drought management or other climate adaptation in South Africa. This study aimed at quantifying drought disaster risk adaptation based on ecosystem services in South Africa. It was identified that ecosystem services to society have been directly affected by anthropogenic and natural phenomena, thereby influencing drought severity and its impacts. These impacts and their associated risks are evident globally, including in South Africa. We found out that ecosystems in South Africa have been affected and extremely vulnerable to recurrent natural disasters, such as droughts. To achieve long-term solutions to such drought-related risks and challenges, feedback mechanisms between human-natural and related factors and ecosystem services-based drought adaptation need to be understood and planned. Timely spatiotemporal assessment, planning and management strategies need to be considered to find solutions or ways forward to South Africa in combating drought disasters. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptation; drought disaster risk; ecosystem services; South Africa adaptation; drought disaster risk; ecosystem services; South Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Orimoloye, I.R.; Zhou, L.; M. Kalumba, A. Drought Disaster Risk Adaptation through Ecosystem Services-Based Solutions: Way Forward for South Africa. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4132. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084132

AMA Style

Orimoloye IR, Zhou L, M. Kalumba A. Drought Disaster Risk Adaptation through Ecosystem Services-Based Solutions: Way Forward for South Africa. Sustainability. 2021; 13(8):4132. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084132

Chicago/Turabian Style

Orimoloye, Israel R.; Zhou, Leocadia; M. Kalumba, Ahmed. 2021. "Drought Disaster Risk Adaptation through Ecosystem Services-Based Solutions: Way Forward for South Africa" Sustainability 13, no. 8: 4132. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084132

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