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Aggregated Roles of Smartphones in Young Adults’ Leisure and Well-Being: A Diary Study

1
Institute of Marketing, Corvinus University of Budapest, 1093 Budapest, Hungary
2
Geographical Institute, CSFK, 1112 Budapest, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carlos Salavera
Sustainability 2021, 13(8), 4133; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084133
Received: 12 March 2021 / Revised: 2 April 2021 / Accepted: 6 April 2021 / Published: 8 April 2021
Young adults spend most of their leisure time in the company of their smartphones. Drawing on the theory of digital well-being and on the concept of psychological sustainability, our aim is to investigate the relationship between digitalization-dominated leisure-time consumption to identify the aggregated roles of smartphones. We suggest that smartphones play different roles in young adults’ daily life. To test our predictions, we used a qualitative method, a two-day time-use diary with structured interviews; two sample groups were recruited for data gathering. The results of the content analysis and of the qualitative sentiment analysis show that mobile devices have a marked agenda-setter function, along with the functions of ‘separator’ and ‘enabler’. The use of smartphones leads to idleness and perceived timelessness while staying physically immobile. Results expand our knowledge on the aggregated role of smartphones in young adults’ activities. Wider society can benefit from the research findings, stimulating young adults to acknowledge the aggregated roles and functions of their smartphones and to develop their digital well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: leisure time; smartphone; diary study; qualitative method; well-being; young adults leisure time; smartphone; diary study; qualitative method; well-being; young adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Irimiás, A.; Csordás, T.; Kiss, K.; Michalkó, G. Aggregated Roles of Smartphones in Young Adults’ Leisure and Well-Being: A Diary Study. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4133. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084133

AMA Style

Irimiás A, Csordás T, Kiss K, Michalkó G. Aggregated Roles of Smartphones in Young Adults’ Leisure and Well-Being: A Diary Study. Sustainability. 2021; 13(8):4133. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084133

Chicago/Turabian Style

Irimiás, Anna; Csordás, Tamás; Kiss, Kornélia; Michalkó, Gábor. 2021. "Aggregated Roles of Smartphones in Young Adults’ Leisure and Well-Being: A Diary Study" Sustainability 13, no. 8: 4133. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13084133

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