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Open AccessArticle

Optimal Electric Bus Scheduling Based on the Combination of All-Stop and Short-Turning Strategies

School of Transportation, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
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Academic Editor: Aoife Ahern
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 1827; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041827
Received: 4 January 2021 / Revised: 30 January 2021 / Accepted: 4 February 2021 / Published: 8 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modeling Activity-Travel Behavior for Sustainable Transportation)
The emission of greenhouse gases from public transportation has aroused extensive public attention in recent years. Electric buses have the advantage of zero emission, which could prevent the further deterioration of environmental problems. Since 2018, the number of electric buses has exceeded that of traditional buses. Thus, it is an inevitable trend for the sustainable development of the automobile industry to replace traditional fuel buses, and developing electric buses is an important measure to relieve traffic congestion. Furthermore, the bus scheduling has a significant impact on passenger travel times and operating costs. It is common that passenger demand at different stops is uneven in a public transportation system. Since applying all-stop scheduling only cannot match the passenger demand of some stops with bus resources, this paper proposes an integrated all-stop and short-turning service for electric buses, reducing the influence of uneven ridership on load factor to enhance transit attractiveness. Simultaneously, considering the time-of-use pricing strategy used by the power sector, the combinational charging strategy of daytime and overnight is proposed to reduce electricity costs. Finally, the branch-and-price algorithm is adopted to solve this problem. Compared with all-stop scheduling, the results demonstrate a reduction of 13.5% in total time cost under the combinational scheduling. View Full-Text
Keywords: short-turning; electric bus scheduling; charging strategy; time-of-use pricing strategy short-turning; electric bus scheduling; charging strategy; time-of-use pricing strategy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bie, Y.; Hao, M.; Guo, M. Optimal Electric Bus Scheduling Based on the Combination of All-Stop and Short-Turning Strategies. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1827. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041827

AMA Style

Bie Y, Hao M, Guo M. Optimal Electric Bus Scheduling Based on the Combination of All-Stop and Short-Turning Strategies. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):1827. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041827

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bie, Yiming; Hao, Mingjie; Guo, Mengzhu. 2021. "Optimal Electric Bus Scheduling Based on the Combination of All-Stop and Short-Turning Strategies" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 1827. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041827

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