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Effects of EFL Learning on L1 Chinese Lexis

Department of English, Changzhou University, Changzhou 213100, China
College of Science and Technology, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
School of Education, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lawrence Jun Zhang and Vincent T. Greenier
Sustainability 2021, 13(23), 13496;
Received: 16 November 2021 / Revised: 2 December 2021 / Accepted: 4 December 2021 / Published: 6 December 2021
The advocates of multi-competence theory argue that the L2 learners’ language system is unique because of the crosslinguistic influences of both languages. However, the influence of a foreign language on the learner’s L1 has not been extensively investigated. In order to address the gap, the present study sought to investigate the effects of EFL learning on written L1 Chinese at the lexical level. Two studies were conducted on 200 abstracts of MA theses written in Chinese, half on English literature written by Chinese-L1 English majors (EMs), and half on Chinese literature written by Chinese-L1 Chinese majors (CMs). The first study investigated the differences between the two groups in terms of the frequencies of nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, and conjunctions in the abstracts. The second study examined the differences in the lexical complexity and diversity between the two groups. The results reveal 12 significant differences in 27 investigated word classes and subclasses, as well as significant differences in lexical complexity, but no significant difference in lexical diversity. The identified differences are discussed from a multi-competence perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: crosslinguistic influence; multi-competence; backward transfer; lexical complexity and diversity crosslinguistic influence; multi-competence; backward transfer; lexical complexity and diversity
MDPI and ACS Style

Kong, W.; Guo, Q.-J.; Dong, Y.-Y.; Gao, X. Effects of EFL Learning on L1 Chinese Lexis. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13496.

AMA Style

Kong W, Guo Q-J, Dong Y-Y, Gao X. Effects of EFL Learning on L1 Chinese Lexis. Sustainability. 2021; 13(23):13496.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kong, Wen, Quan-Jiang Guo, Yin-Yan Dong, and Xuesong Gao. 2021. "Effects of EFL Learning on L1 Chinese Lexis" Sustainability 13, no. 23: 13496.

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