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Article

Activities of Food Retail Companies in Poland during the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Context of Food Security

Faculty of Economic and Management, University of Zielona Góra, 65-417 Zielona Góra, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tomasz Rokicki, Sebastian Saniuk and Dariusz Milewski
Sustainability 2021, 13(13), 7323; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137323
Received: 13 May 2021 / Revised: 14 June 2021 / Accepted: 22 June 2021 / Published: 30 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economic and Social Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic)
This paper deals with a very important topic concerning the adaptive actions of food retail entities, operating in a network model, during threats caused by a pandemic. The aim of the study was to identify and characterize the actions taken by food retail chain entities during the COVID-19 pandemic, in the context of the food security of consumers in Poland (using the example of Wielkopolska). A basic research hypothesis (H0) was generated, stating that the adaptation activities of food retail chain actors varied during the COVID-19 pandemic in Poland with regard to ensuring consumer food security. It was detailed in five sub-hypotheses. In their verification and in the realization of the aim of the study, the methods of literature study and other secondary sources, and induction, survey, comparative, visualization, modeling and descriptive statistics, were used. The research results include (a) the authors’ diagnosis of threats to the food security of companies in the food system resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, and applied ways of adaptation to the new requirements of the environment, based on secondary sources; (b) analysis of data from the empirical survey conducted by the authors in November 2020 on the adaptive actions of companies, among managers/owners of food retail stores of a selected network of a particular franchise type in Greater Poland; (c) the construction of an empirical model of the typical behaviors of food retail units in the chain under study, distinguishing three of their types in the model; and (d) suggestions concerning the directions of future scientific research areas. The article was prepared following the stream of sustainable development theory. View Full-Text
Keywords: food system; food security; food retailing; COVID-19; empirical model; types of adaptive actions; economic policy instruments food system; food security; food retailing; COVID-19; empirical model; types of adaptive actions; economic policy instruments
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MDPI and ACS Style

Skawińska, E.; Zalewski, R.I. Activities of Food Retail Companies in Poland during the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Context of Food Security. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7323. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137323

AMA Style

Skawińska E, Zalewski RI. Activities of Food Retail Companies in Poland during the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Context of Food Security. Sustainability. 2021; 13(13):7323. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137323

Chicago/Turabian Style

Skawińska, Eulalia, and Romuald I. Zalewski. 2021. "Activities of Food Retail Companies in Poland during the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Context of Food Security" Sustainability 13, no. 13: 7323. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137323

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