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Article

Perceived Sensory Dimensions of Green Areas: An Experimental Study on Stress Recovery

1
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Golestan University, Gorgan 4918888369, Iran
2
School of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Science Engineering & Built Environment, Deakin University, Geelong 3220, Australia
3
Department of People and Society, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 230 53 Alnarp, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Helena Nordh, Katinka H. Evensen and Åsa Gren
Sustainability 2021, 13(10), 5419; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105419
Received: 23 March 2021 / Revised: 1 May 2021 / Accepted: 5 May 2021 / Published: 12 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscape Architecture Design to Promote Well-Being)
Natural environments have been shown to promote health, and are, therefore, important for achieving social sustainability in cities. As cities grow and become denser, it is important to develop knowledge about the characteristics of natural environments that work to promote health. Perceived Sensory Dimensions (PSDs) is a tool that defines eight different cultural ecosystem services. They correspond to different human needs (rest, exercise, socialising, pleasure, or security) resulting in rehabilitation and health and well-being promotion. An experiment was conducted to study the potential of PSDs to restore people who experienced stressful accidents. One hundred and fifty-seven participants were recruited and asked first to watch a film clip of serious accidents, then to look at the pictures, depicting one particular type of PSDs, while listening to its respective audio recording. Their stress levels were measured before exposure to the stressor (baseline), after exposure to the stressor (pre-test), and after exposure to a particular type of PSDs (post-test). The results show that all eight PSDs effectively provide mental recovery, but there are statistical differences in their potentials. As such, it is proposed that the combined potential of the PSDs is needed, and should be used to increase the capacity and supply of health-promoting urban green areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: evidence-based health design; perceived sensory dimensions; cultural ecosystem services; social sustainability; restorative state; public health; mental health; stress reduction evidence-based health design; perceived sensory dimensions; cultural ecosystem services; social sustainability; restorative state; public health; mental health; stress reduction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Memari, S.; Pazhouhanfar, M.; Grahn, P. Perceived Sensory Dimensions of Green Areas: An Experimental Study on Stress Recovery. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5419. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105419

AMA Style

Memari S, Pazhouhanfar M, Grahn P. Perceived Sensory Dimensions of Green Areas: An Experimental Study on Stress Recovery. Sustainability. 2021; 13(10):5419. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105419

Chicago/Turabian Style

Memari, Sanaz, Mahdieh Pazhouhanfar, and Patrik Grahn. 2021. "Perceived Sensory Dimensions of Green Areas: An Experimental Study on Stress Recovery" Sustainability 13, no. 10: 5419. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105419

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