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Article

Coastal Erosion Affecting Cultural Heritage in Svalbard. A Case Study in Hiorthhamn (Adventfjorden)—An Abandoned Mining Settlement

1
High North Department, Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), Fram Centre, N-9296 Tromsø, Norway
2
Geological Survey of Norway (NGU), Fram Centre, N-9296 Tromsø, Norway
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Geological Survey of Norway (NGU), Torgard, P.O. Box 6315, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
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Arctic Geology Department, The University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS), P.O. Box 156, 9171 Longyearbyen, Norway
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Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), Storgata 2, 0155 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(6), 2306; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062306
Received: 24 February 2020 / Revised: 12 March 2020 / Accepted: 13 March 2020 / Published: 16 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cultural Heritage and Natural Disasters)
Hiorthhamn is an abandoned Norwegian coal mining settlement with a loading dock and a lot of industrial infrastructure left in the coastal zone. In this study, changes in the position of 1.3 km of the Hiorthhamn shoreline, which affect cultural heritage, is described for a time-period spanning 92 years (1927–2019). The shoreline positions were established based on a map (1927), orthophotos (2009) and a topographic survey with differential Global Positioning System (GPS) (summer 2019). Detailed geomorphological and surface sediment mapping was conducted to form a framework for understanding shoreline-landscape interaction. The shoreline was divided into three sectors to calculate the erosion/stability/accretion rates by using the DSAS (Digital Shoreline Analysis System) extension of ArcGIS. The DSAS analysis showed very high erosion in Sector 1, while Sectors 2 and 3 showed moderate accretion and moderate erosion, respectively. Sector 1 is geologically composed of easily erodible sorted beach sediments and protected remains from the mining industry such as wrecks of heavy machines, loading carts, wagons and rusty tracks that are directly exposed to coastal erosion. The all-sector average shoreline erosion rate (EPR parameter) for the 92 years period was −0.21 m/year. The high shoreline erosion rates in Sector 1, together with the high potential damage to cultural heritage, supports the urgent need of continued coastal monitoring and sustainable management of cultural heritage in Hiorthhamn. View Full-Text
Keywords: coastal erosion; shoreline; monitoring; geomorphological mapping; cultural heritage; Svalbard; DSAS; high Arctic coastal erosion; shoreline; monitoring; geomorphological mapping; cultural heritage; Svalbard; DSAS; high Arctic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nicu, I.C.; Stalsberg, K.; Rubensdotter, L.; Martens, V.V.; Flyen, A.-C. Coastal Erosion Affecting Cultural Heritage in Svalbard. A Case Study in Hiorthhamn (Adventfjorden)—An Abandoned Mining Settlement. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2306. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062306

AMA Style

Nicu IC, Stalsberg K, Rubensdotter L, Martens VV, Flyen A-C. Coastal Erosion Affecting Cultural Heritage in Svalbard. A Case Study in Hiorthhamn (Adventfjorden)—An Abandoned Mining Settlement. Sustainability. 2020; 12(6):2306. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062306

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nicu, Ionut C., Knut Stalsberg, Lena Rubensdotter, Vibeke V. Martens, and Anne-Cathrine Flyen. 2020. "Coastal Erosion Affecting Cultural Heritage in Svalbard. A Case Study in Hiorthhamn (Adventfjorden)—An Abandoned Mining Settlement" Sustainability 12, no. 6: 2306. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12062306

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