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Article

The Potential for Integration of Wind and Tidal Power in New Zealand

1
Electrical and Electronic Engineering Department, School of Engineering, Computing and Mathematical Sciences Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
2
Technology Research Department, R&D Centre, Fusheng Industrial Co., Ltd, Taipei 24142, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(5), 1807; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051807
Received: 29 January 2020 / Revised: 21 February 2020 / Accepted: 24 February 2020 / Published: 28 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Process Integration and Optimisation for Sustainable Systems)
This research focuses on proposing and evaluating an optimized hybrid system of wind and tidal turbines operating as a renewable energy generating unit in New Zealand. Literature review indicates increasing worldwide investment in offshore renewable energy in recent years. Offshore energy shows a high potential as an alternative energy generation solution to that of fossil fuels. Using the capacities of wind and tidal power in renewable technologies would be a suitable alternative for fossil fuels and would help prevent their detrimental effects on the environment. It is a cost-effective procedure for the power generation sector to maximize these renewables as a hybrid system. At the design phase, turbine types appropriate to environmental conditions for an area with high wind speed and tidal flow need to be considered. When selecting which turbines should be used, horizontal or vertical axis, number and length of blades, and optimized rotational speed are all important to get maximum capacity from either the wind or tidal energy for the hybrid system. Comprehensive simulation models of the hybrid system are now being set up, using several available commercial software packages such as QBlade, Simulink, and RETScreen. Several different parameters will be required for these simulation models to run in order to test performance, capacity and efficiency of the proposed hybrid system. To decide which regions are suitable for the hybrid system, it will be necessary to analyze available wind and tide records from NIWA, and online databases such as GLOBAL ATLAS. This next phase of research will aim to create optimized scenarios for the hybrid model by considering the effect of wind and water speed on performance. After deciding which region and scenarios are suitable, it will also be necessary to evaluate the costs and returns of a hybrid system. This final phase will be performed using the RETScreen simulation model. View Full-Text
Keywords: Siemens SWT 3.6-107 wind turbine; AR2000 tidal turbine; Kaipara harbor Siemens SWT 3.6-107 wind turbine; AR2000 tidal turbine; Kaipara harbor
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MDPI and ACS Style

Majdi Nasab, N.; Kilby, J.; Bakhtiaryfard, L. The Potential for Integration of Wind and Tidal Power in New Zealand. Sustainability 2020, 12, 1807. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051807

AMA Style

Majdi Nasab N, Kilby J, Bakhtiaryfard L. The Potential for Integration of Wind and Tidal Power in New Zealand. Sustainability. 2020; 12(5):1807. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051807

Chicago/Turabian Style

Majdi Nasab, Navid, Jeff Kilby, and Leila Bakhtiaryfard. 2020. "The Potential for Integration of Wind and Tidal Power in New Zealand" Sustainability 12, no. 5: 1807. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12051807

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