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Open AccessArticle

Design of Predictive Models to Estimate Corrosion in Buried Steel Structures

Department of Mining Exploitation and Prospecting, University of Oviedo, 33004 Oviedo, Spain
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Sustainability 2020, 12(23), 9879; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239879
Received: 16 October 2020 / Revised: 15 November 2020 / Accepted: 24 November 2020 / Published: 26 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Project Intelligence and Management)
Corrosion is the main mechanism of the degradation of steel structures buried in the soil. Due to its aggressiveness, the material gradually loses thickness until the structure fails, which may cause serious environmental problems. The lack of a clearly established method in the design leads to the need for conservative excess thicknesses to ensure their useful life. This implies inefficient use of steel and an increase in the cost of the structure. In this paper, four quantitative and multivariate models were created to predict the loss of buried steel as a function of time. We developed a basic model, as well as a physical and an electrochemical one, based on multivariate adaptive regression spline (MARS), and a simpler model for comparative purposes based on clusters with Euclidean distance. The modeling was synthesized in a computer tool where the inputs were the characteristics of the soil and the time and the outputs were the loss of thickness of each predictive model and the description of the most similar real tests. The results showed that in all models, for relative errors of 10%, over 90% of predictions were correct. In addition, a real example of the operation of the tool was defined, where it was found that the estimates of the models allow the necessary optimization of steel to fulfill its useful life. View Full-Text
Keywords: steel corrosion; computer tool; predictive models; quantitative techniques; optimization; sustainable engineering steel corrosion; computer tool; predictive models; quantitative techniques; optimization; sustainable engineering
MDPI and ACS Style

Arriba-Rodríguez, L.-d.; Rodríguez-Montequín, V.; Villanueva-Balsera, J.; Ortega-Fernández, F. Design of Predictive Models to Estimate Corrosion in Buried Steel Structures. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9879. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239879

AMA Style

Arriba-Rodríguez L-d, Rodríguez-Montequín V, Villanueva-Balsera J, Ortega-Fernández F. Design of Predictive Models to Estimate Corrosion in Buried Steel Structures. Sustainability. 2020; 12(23):9879. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239879

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arriba-Rodríguez, Lorena-de; Rodríguez-Montequín, Vicente; Villanueva-Balsera, Joaquín; Ortega-Fernández, Francisco. 2020. "Design of Predictive Models to Estimate Corrosion in Buried Steel Structures" Sustainability 12, no. 23: 9879. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12239879

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