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States, Trends, and Future of Aquaponics Research

by 1,2, 1,*, 1,2, 3, 1,2 and 1,2,*
CAS Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Fujian Key Lab of Watershed Ecology, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen 361021, China
Zhejiang Key Lab of Urban Environmental Processes and Pollution Control, Ningbo Urban Environmental Observatory and Research Station, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Science, Ningbo 315830, China
Faculty of Science and Engineering, The School of Geographical Sciences, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo 315100, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(18), 7783;
Received: 1 September 2020 / Revised: 14 September 2020 / Accepted: 17 September 2020 / Published: 21 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Agriculture)
As an environmentally-friendly aquaculture and planting system, aquaponics has attracted attention in various fields, such as fisheries, agriculture, and ecology. The existing review qualitatively described the development and challenges of aquaponics but lacked data support. This study selected 513 related documents (2000–2019) in the Web of Science database (WOS) to mine and quantitatively analyze its text data. The keyword co-occurrence network shows that the current aquaponics research mainly focuses on the system components, wastewater treatment, nutrient management, and system production. Research areas reflect obvious regional characteristics. China, the United States and Europe are dedicated to the application of new technologies, the optimization of system production, and the exploration of multiple roles. At present, the aquaponics development is facing many pressures from management and market. Future research requires more in-depth research in the system construction, nutrient management, and microbial community structure to provide a theoretical basis. Moreover, the identity construction within the conceptual framework of green infrastructure is a research direction worth exploring to solve low social recognition for aquaponics. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquaponics; text data mining; management; identity construction; green infrastructure aquaponics; text data mining; management; identity construction; green infrastructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hao, Y.; Ding, K.; Xu, Y.; Tang, Y.; Liu, D.; Li, G. States, Trends, and Future of Aquaponics Research. Sustainability 2020, 12, 7783.

AMA Style

Hao Y, Ding K, Xu Y, Tang Y, Liu D, Li G. States, Trends, and Future of Aquaponics Research. Sustainability. 2020; 12(18):7783.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hao, Yilong, Kai Ding, Yaoyang Xu, Yuting Tang, Dong Liu, and Gang Li. 2020. "States, Trends, and Future of Aquaponics Research" Sustainability 12, no. 18: 7783.

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