Next Article in Journal
Green Technology and Sustainable Development: Assessment and Green Growth Frameworks
Next Article in Special Issue
The Multi-Millennial Olive Agroecosystem of Salento (Apulia, Italy) Threatened by Xylella Fastidiosa Subsp. Pauca: A Working Possibility of Restoration
Previous Article in Journal
Safety Attitude as a Predictor of the Sense of Threat in the Workplace, Using the Example of Airport Ground Staff
Previous Article in Special Issue
Optimization of Land Reuse Structure in Coal Mining Subsided Areas Considering Regional Economic Development: A Case Study in Pei County, China
Article

Hemp Seed Production: Environmental Impacts of Cannabis sativa L. Agronomic Practices by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Carbon Footprint Methodologies

1
Departament of Agriculture and Forest Sciences, Tuscia University, Via San Camillo de Lellis snc, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
2
Departament of Management, Sapienza University of Rome, Via del Castro Laurenziano 9, 00161 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(16), 6570; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166570
Received: 17 June 2020 / Revised: 4 August 2020 / Accepted: 6 August 2020 / Published: 13 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agrodiversity and Sustainable Land Management)
This paper evaluated the environmental impacts of different agronomic practices for a hemp seed crop grown in Mediterranean environment. The following agricultural variables have been considered: seven monoecious hemp varieties(Epsilon68 (E68), Fedora17 (F17), Felina32 (F32), Ferimon (Fe), Futura75 (F75), Santhica27 (S27), Uso31 (U31)), three plant densities (40, 80, and 120 plants m−2), and two levels of nitrogen (N) fertilization (50 and 100 kg ha−1 of N). Life cycle assessment (LCA) and carbon footprint (CF) methodologies have been applied to evaluate impacts. In all hemp genotypes, the impacts grew by decreasing both N fertilizer and plants densities. The scenario most impacting was E68/F75/S27 genotypes cultivated with 50 kg ha−1 of N fertilizer and 40 plants m−2, while the lowest one was Fe with 100 kg ha−1 of N fertilizer and 120 plants m−2. The highest CF was found for E68/F75/S27 cultivated with 50 kg ha−1 of N fertilizer and 40 plants m−2 (18.720 kg CO2 eq). This study highlighted the most environmentally sustainable agronomic practices to support farmer and decision maker in Cannabis sativa L. cultivation for seed production. View Full-Text
Keywords: industrial hemp; environmental impact; farmer practices; hemp seed cultivation; LCA; carbon footprint industrial hemp; environmental impact; farmer practices; hemp seed cultivation; LCA; carbon footprint
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Campiglia, E.; Gobbi, L.; Marucci, A.; Rapa, M.; Ruggieri, R.; Vinci, G. Hemp Seed Production: Environmental Impacts of Cannabis sativa L. Agronomic Practices by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Carbon Footprint Methodologies. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6570. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166570

AMA Style

Campiglia E, Gobbi L, Marucci A, Rapa M, Ruggieri R, Vinci G. Hemp Seed Production: Environmental Impacts of Cannabis sativa L. Agronomic Practices by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Carbon Footprint Methodologies. Sustainability. 2020; 12(16):6570. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166570

Chicago/Turabian Style

Campiglia, Enio, Laura Gobbi, Alvaro Marucci, Mattia Rapa, Roberto Ruggieri, and Giuliana Vinci. 2020. "Hemp Seed Production: Environmental Impacts of Cannabis sativa L. Agronomic Practices by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Carbon Footprint Methodologies" Sustainability 12, no. 16: 6570. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166570

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop