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Open AccessArticle

Green Technology and Sustainable Development: Assessment and Green Growth Frameworks

1
Department of Art, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
2
The Management Faculty, Czestochowa University of Technology, Dabrowskiego, 42–201 Czestochowa, Poland
3
Department of World Economy, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University), 117342 Moscow, Russia
4
Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(16), 6571; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166571
Received: 20 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 11 August 2020 / Published: 13 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social and New Technology Challenges of Sustainable Business)
The aim of this study is to investigate the characteristics of a sustainable development assessment methodology being designed in the context of green technology. The methodology in question is based on indicators from the Sustainable Development Goals Index (SGDI), specifically in its ecological component. These indicators underlie an Averaging Sustainable Development Index (ASDI) and a Normalized Sustainable Development Index (NSDI). The resultant methodology was applied to 20 countries from the SDGI ranking. According to the research results, the intensive activity of the brown industries in the United Arab Emirates, Kazakhstan, the United States, Korea, and Russia resulted in significant carbon dioxide emissions. Switzerland, Kazakhstan, and Russia had high scores on sustainable management of water and sanitation. Russia was the only developed country to have an ASDI higher than its SDGI and its gap between NSDI and ASDI indexes was not significant, indicating a positive trend in greentech development. The reason why NSDI was increasingly different from SDGI was that countries leading the socio-economic rankings had higher consumption of energy and resources, and a much greater environmental footprint than those countries that consumed less. The originality of this study is that it identifies gaps between NSDI and ASDI values, which indicate that conditions for greentech adoption in most developing countries are unfavorable. View Full-Text
Keywords: green economy; green technology; innovation; investment; sustainable development index green economy; green technology; innovation; investment; sustainable development index
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, M.; Nowakowska-Grunt, J.; Gorbanyov, V.; Egorova, M. Green Technology and Sustainable Development: Assessment and Green Growth Frameworks. Sustainability 2020, 12, 6571. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166571

AMA Style

Guo M, Nowakowska-Grunt J, Gorbanyov V, Egorova M. Green Technology and Sustainable Development: Assessment and Green Growth Frameworks. Sustainability. 2020; 12(16):6571. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166571

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guo, Minjian; Nowakowska-Grunt, Joanna; Gorbanyov, Vladimir; Egorova, Maria. 2020. "Green Technology and Sustainable Development: Assessment and Green Growth Frameworks" Sustainability 12, no. 16: 6571. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166571

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