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Open AccessArticle

Influence of Community Design and Sociodemographic Characteristics on Teleworking

1
Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Islamic University of Technology, Board Bazar, Gazipur 1704, Bangladesh
2
School of Accounting, Information Systems and Supply Chain, RMIT University, Melbourne 3000, Australia
3
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(14), 5781; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145781
Received: 22 June 2020 / Revised: 10 July 2020 / Accepted: 14 July 2020 / Published: 17 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Transport Economics, Behaviour and Policy)
The traffic on the roads in many countries has been increasing in recent decades, and the increases in congestion and carbon emission are contributing significantly to climate change. To minimize these adverse effects, the use of more sustainable travel modes, such as public transit, walking, bicycling, carpool and ridesharing, has been widely promoted. Apart from these travel modes, alternatives, such as teleworking, which reduces commute trips, should also be promoted. The objective of this study is to identify different neighborhood design and social characteristics that are associated with teleworking. In this case study, a multiple regression model is applied to 2011 census data and road infrastructure data of 185 communities from the city of Calgary in Canada. In addition, a random intercept model is estimated to account for unobserved heterogeneity. We find that different street patterns, geographical size, land use, mass rapid transit, and road types have a significant effect on teleworking or working-at-home and should be considered when designing new communities. We also find several significant sociodemographic characteristics, including family size, marital status, children, housing type and language. Policy implications based on this research are then provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: teleworking; working from home; community design; sociodemographic characteristics teleworking; working from home; community design; sociodemographic characteristics
MDPI and ACS Style

Bhuiyan, M.A.A.; Rifaat, S.M.; Tay, R.; De Barros, A. Influence of Community Design and Sociodemographic Characteristics on Teleworking. Sustainability 2020, 12, 5781. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145781

AMA Style

Bhuiyan MAA, Rifaat SM, Tay R, De Barros A. Influence of Community Design and Sociodemographic Characteristics on Teleworking. Sustainability. 2020; 12(14):5781. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145781

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bhuiyan, Mohammad A.A.; Rifaat, Shakil M.; Tay, Richard; De Barros, Alex. 2020. "Influence of Community Design and Sociodemographic Characteristics on Teleworking" Sustainability 12, no. 14: 5781. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145781

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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