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Article

Measurement of Executive Functioning and High Intellectual Ability in Childhood: A Comparative Meta-Analysis

1
Department of Educational Sciences, University of La Rioja, 26004 Logroño, Spain
2
Department of Social Psyhology and Methodology, Autonomous University of Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4796; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114796
Received: 7 May 2020 / Revised: 9 June 2020 / Accepted: 9 June 2020 / Published: 11 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Abilities, Talent and Creativity)
From a neuroconstructivist approach and a developmental model of high intellectual ability (HIA), it is argued that the management of intellectual resources through executive functioning (EF) is one of the factors influencing the expression of high potential. The main objective is to determine the effectiveness of measures of executive functioning used comparing schoolchildren with HIA and those of average intelligence. A meta-analysis was carried out on a selection of 17 studies for a total sample of 1518 children with either HIA or an average level of intelligence. Pooled estimates of effect size revealed a significant difference favoring the HIA individuals in the two components of EF related with WM verbal (d = 1.015), and WM visual-spatial (d = 0.709). Other components did not show significant differences: inhibition (d = −0.014), flexibility (d = 0.068), and planification (d = −0.038). The empirical heterogeneity was very high. It is concluded that these instruments show a degree of measurement impurity, which condition their validity and reliability, and that schoolchildren with HIA display better executive functioning in the components of verbal and visual-spatial working memory. View Full-Text
Keywords: high intellectual ability; executive functions; measurement; validity; reliability; meta-analysis; average intelligence high intellectual ability; executive functions; measurement; validity; reliability; meta-analysis; average intelligence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Viana-Sáenz, L.; Sastre-Riba, S.; Urraca-Martínez, M.L.; Botella, J. Measurement of Executive Functioning and High Intellectual Ability in Childhood: A Comparative Meta-Analysis. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4796. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114796

AMA Style

Viana-Sáenz L, Sastre-Riba S, Urraca-Martínez ML, Botella J. Measurement of Executive Functioning and High Intellectual Ability in Childhood: A Comparative Meta-Analysis. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4796. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114796

Chicago/Turabian Style

Viana-Sáenz, Lourdes, Sylvia Sastre-Riba, Maria Luz Urraca-Martínez, and Juan Botella. 2020. "Measurement of Executive Functioning and High Intellectual Ability in Childhood: A Comparative Meta-Analysis" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4796. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114796

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