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Open AccessArticle

Power Grid Simulation Testbed for Transactive Energy Management Systems

1
Computational Sciences and Engineering Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
2
Electrical and Electronics Systems Research Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
3
Energy and Transportation Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA
4
Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4402; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114402
Received: 10 April 2020 / Revised: 16 May 2020 / Accepted: 21 May 2020 / Published: 28 May 2020
To effectively engage demand-side and distributed energy resources (DERs) for dynamically maintaining the electric power balance, the challenges of controlling and coordinating building equipment and DERs on a large scale must be overcome. Although several control techniques have been proposed in the literature, a significant obstacle to applying these techniques in practice is having access to an effective testing platform. Performing tests at scale using real equipment is impractical, so simulation offers the only viable route to developmental testing at scales of practical interest. Existing power-grid testbeds are unable to model individual residential end-use devices for developing detailed control formulations for responsive loads and DERs. Furthermore, they cannot simulate the control and communications at subminute timescales. To address these issues, this paper presents a novel power-grid simulation testbed for transactive energy management systems. Detailed models of primary home appliances (e.g., heating and cooling systems, water heaters, photovoltaic panels, energy storage systems) are provided to simulate realistic load behaviors in response to environmental parameters and control commands. The proposed testbed incorporates software as it will be deployed, and enables deployable software to interact with various building equipment models for end-to-end performance evaluation at scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: demand response; distributed energy resources; simulation-based software testbed; transactive control; transactive energy demand response; distributed energy resources; simulation-based software testbed; transactive control; transactive energy
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Ozmen, O.; Nutaro, J.; Starke, M.; Munk, J.; Roberts, L.; Kou, X.; Im, P.; Dong, J.; Li, F.; Kuruganti, T.; Zandi, H. Power Grid Simulation Testbed for Transactive Energy Management Systems. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4402.

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