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Article

Detecting and Analyzing the Increase of High-Rising Buildings to Monitor the Dynamic of the Xiong’an New Area

1
The Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 9 Deng Zhuang South Road, Beijing 100094, China
2
School of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, No. 2001 Shiji Road, Jiaozuo 454000, China
3
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19 (A) Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(11), 4355; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114355
Received: 14 April 2020 / Revised: 20 May 2020 / Accepted: 22 May 2020 / Published: 26 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Land Cover Changes and Sustainable Urban Growth)
As an effort to monitor the urban dynamic of the Xiong’an new area, this paper proposed a novel procedure to detect the increase of High-Rising Buildings (HRBs) from multi-temporal Sentinel-2 data based on Fully Convolutional Networks. The procedure was applied to detect the increase of HRBs between 2017 and 2019 in 39 counties in the center of the Xiong’an new area. The detected increases were validated and then analyzed in terms of their quantities, spatial distribution and driving forces at the county level. The results indicate that our method can effectively detect the increase of HRBs in large urban areas. The quantity and spatial distribution of the increased HRBs varies a lot in the 39 counties. Most of the increase is located in the north-east and the mid-west of the study region. As to the driving forces, it seems that no single factor can fully explain the increase. Among the five selected factors, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and transportation accessibility have clear high impacts than others. Number of Permanent Residents (NPR) and policy follow as the secondary group. The terrain has the lowest influence on the increase. Our method provides a useful tool to dynamically monitor HRBs in large areas and also the increase of HRBs can be employed as a new indicator to characterize urban development. View Full-Text
Keywords: the Xiong’an new area; high-rising buildings; fully convolutional networks; change detection procedure; urban dynamic the Xiong’an new area; high-rising buildings; fully convolutional networks; change detection procedure; urban dynamic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, L.; Zhu, J.; Gao, L.; Cheng, G.; Zhang, B. Detecting and Analyzing the Increase of High-Rising Buildings to Monitor the Dynamic of the Xiong’an New Area. Sustainability 2020, 12, 4355. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114355

AMA Style

Li L, Zhu J, Gao L, Cheng G, Zhang B. Detecting and Analyzing the Increase of High-Rising Buildings to Monitor the Dynamic of the Xiong’an New Area. Sustainability. 2020; 12(11):4355. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114355

Chicago/Turabian Style

Li, Liwei, Jinming Zhu, Lianru Gao, Gang Cheng, and Bing Zhang. 2020. "Detecting and Analyzing the Increase of High-Rising Buildings to Monitor the Dynamic of the Xiong’an New Area" Sustainability 12, no. 11: 4355. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114355

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