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Open AccessArticle

The Coordinated Relationship between Investment Potential and Economic Development and Its Driving Mechanism: A Case Study of the African Region

by 1,2, 3, 1,2,* and 4,5
1
College of Geography and Ocean Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
2
Institute of African Research, Nanjing University, Nanjing 2100232, China
3
College of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400700, China
4
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
5
Hunan Key Laboratory of Land Resources Evaluation and Utilization, Changsha 410007, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(1), 442; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010442
Received: 23 November 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 3 January 2020 / Published: 6 January 2020
In order to analyze the coordination relationship between investment potential and economic development and its driving mechanisms, this study integrated the entropy weight method, coupling coordination degree model, exploratory spatial data analysis, geographic detector, and geographically weighted regression model. The developed approach was applied using data from 51 African countries from 2008 to 2016. The results showed that: (1) While the level of economic development in the African continent has increased steadily, the overall investment potential needs to be improved. The mean economic development index rose from 0.116 to 0.151, but the economic gap among countries was still highly evident. (2) Uncoordinated development and barely coordinated development level were the dominant types of relationship between investment potential and economic development in African countries. The spatial distribution showed significant agglomeration characteristics; the sub-hot spot and sub-cold point regions maintained strong dependence with their hot spot and cold point counterparts. The hot spot areas gradually formed an agglomeration in Southern Africa and highly fragmented distribution in other areas. The cold spot areas formed a spatial distribution pattern of “one core and one belt” with some countries in Western Africa forming the core, while some Central and East African countries constituting the belt. (3) The coordination relationship between investment potential and economic development was influenced mainly by factors including economic base, residents’ living standard, industrial construction level, information support level, and business friendliness. Using geographically weighted regression coefficient distribution of indicators, the driving mechanisms of spatial distribution could be divided into five types: economic base driven, industry-driven, information application-driven, business convenience-driven, and consumer market-driven. View Full-Text
Keywords: investment potential; economic development; entropy weight method; geographical detection; geographically weighted regression; coordinated relationship; Africa investment potential; economic development; entropy weight method; geographical detection; geographically weighted regression; coordinated relationship; Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, G.; Sun, P.; Zhang, Z.; Ouyang, X. The Coordinated Relationship between Investment Potential and Economic Development and Its Driving Mechanism: A Case Study of the African Region. Sustainability 2020, 12, 442. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010442

AMA Style

Wei G, Sun P, Zhang Z, Ouyang X. The Coordinated Relationship between Investment Potential and Economic Development and Its Driving Mechanism: A Case Study of the African Region. Sustainability. 2020; 12(1):442. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010442

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wei, Guoen; Sun, Pingjun; Zhang, Zhenke; Ouyang, Xiao. 2020. "The Coordinated Relationship between Investment Potential and Economic Development and Its Driving Mechanism: A Case Study of the African Region" Sustainability 12, no. 1: 442. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12010442

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