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Sustainability 2019, 11(3), 565; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030565

Designing with Pathways: A Spatial Design Approach for Adaptive and Sustainable Landscapes

1
Landscape Architecture Chair Group, Environmental Sciences Department, Wageningen University, Droevendaalsesteeg 3, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
2
Sustainable Solutions Lab, School for the Environment, University of Massachusetts, Boston, MA 02125, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 7 January 2019 / Accepted: 15 January 2019 / Published: 22 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Policy Pathways for Sustainability)
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Abstract

Despite rising attention to pathways thinking in multiple domains such as climate adaptation, energy supply planning, and flood risk management, their spatial translation is so far understudied. We set out to study how spatial design based on pathways thinking can help develop more adaptive and sustainable landscapes. Using landscape analysis, field research, and research-through-designing in a case study on climate resilience in Boston (USA), we argue for better understanding of the spatial and design consequences of pathways in general. Our results indicate that pathways can be spatially translated, demanding landscape-informed choices when sequencing different policy actions. We found that spatial designing makes the landscape consequences of pathways transparent and enables policy-makers to replace the input of policy actions with spatial interventions, select pathways according to different underlying design strategies, use the mapped pathways to initiate an iterative research-through-designing process to test and inform different designs, and spatially visualize the pathways and possible sequences of actions. We conclude that policy-makers should be cognizant about the spatial implications of pathways and offer directions to enrich applications of pathways thinking for achieving adaptive and sustainable landscapes. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptiveness; climate adaptation; decision pathways; flood risk management; landscape architecture; spatial design; uncertainty; visualization adaptiveness; climate adaptation; decision pathways; flood risk management; landscape architecture; spatial design; uncertainty; visualization
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Zandvoort, M.; Kooijmans, N.; Kirshen, P.; van den Brink, A. Designing with Pathways: A Spatial Design Approach for Adaptive and Sustainable Landscapes. Sustainability 2019, 11, 565.

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