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Open AccessArticle

New Building Cladding System Using Independent Tilted BIPV Panels with Battery Storage Capability

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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, Campus Box 352700, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
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Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, University of Washington, Campus Box 352650, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(20), 5546; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205546
Received: 11 September 2019 / Revised: 27 September 2019 / Accepted: 3 October 2019 / Published: 9 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Building Retrofit and Energy Optimization)
In order to meet renewable energy goals in the near future, the deployment of photovoltaic (PV) panels on buildings will dramatically increase. The objective of this paper is to introduce an improved design for PV cladding systems that will greatly contribute to meeting these renewable energy goals. Typically, building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) panels are vertically oriented as cladding and they are not coupled with individual storage batteries. The proposed cladding couples a tilted BIPV panel with one or more storage batteries at each building placement. Thus, the tilted BIPV plus battery system is independent of other power generation in the building and it is referred to as a “building perma-power link” (BPPL) cladding element. Each cladding panel is designed as a stand-alone system, which will be useful for installation, operation, and maintenance. The hyper-redundancy of multiple BPPL cladding panels for a typical building significantly enhances its overall energy resiliency. In order to foster manufacturing ease, each individual cladding unit has been designed at tilts of 45° and 60°. An example of a mid-rise building in Seattle, Washington is provided. The degree of building energy resiliency provided through multiple BPPLs is examined. View Full-Text
Keywords: curtain wall system; BIPV; tilt angle; cladding system; energy resilience; renewable power curtain wall system; BIPV; tilt angle; cladding system; energy resilience; renewable power
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Kim, A.A.; Reed, D.A.; Choe, Y.; Wang, S.; Recart, C. New Building Cladding System Using Independent Tilted BIPV Panels with Battery Storage Capability. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5546.

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