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Open AccessArticle

Modeling and Simulation of Pedestrian Movement Planning Around Corners

1
Qatar Transportation and Traffic Safety Center, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
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Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
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The Department of Infrastructure Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
4
School of Built Environment, Massey University, Auckland 0632, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(19), 5501; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11195501
Received: 22 August 2019 / Revised: 13 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 4 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pedestrian Safety and Sustainable Transportation)
Owing to the complexity of behavioral dynamics and mechanisms associated with turning maneuvers, capturing pedestrian movements around corners in a mathematical model is a challenging task. In this study, minimum jerk and one-thirds power law concepts, which have been initially applied in neurosciences and brain research domains, were utilized in combination to model pedestrian movement planning around bends. Simulation outputs explained that the proposed model could realistically represent the behavioral characteristics of pedestrians walking through bends. Comparison of modeled trajectories with empirical data demonstrated that the accuracy of the model could further be improved by using appropriate parameters in the one-thirds power law equation. Sensitivity analysis explained that, although the paths were not sensitive to the boundary conditions, speed and acceleration profiles could be remarkably varied depending on boundary conditions. Further, the applicability of the proposed model to estimate trajectories of pedestrians negotiating bends under different entry, intermediate, and exit conditions was also identified. The proposed model can be applied in microscopic simulation platforms, virtual reality, and driving simulator applications to provide realistic and accurate maneuvers around corners. View Full-Text
Keywords: pedestrian movement planning; turning maneuvers; pedestrian behavior modeling; pedestrian simulation; minimum-jerk concept; one-thirds power law concept; optimal trajectories pedestrian movement planning; turning maneuvers; pedestrian behavior modeling; pedestrian simulation; minimum-jerk concept; one-thirds power law concept; optimal trajectories
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dias, C.; Abdullah, M.; Sarvi, M.; Lovreglio, R.; Alhajyaseen, W. Modeling and Simulation of Pedestrian Movement Planning Around Corners. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5501.

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