Next Article in Journal
Dynamic Lifecycle Assessment in Building Construction Projects: Focusing on Embodied Emissions
Next Article in Special Issue
Design and Validation of a Computational Program for Analysing Mental Maps: Aram Mental Map Analyzer
Previous Article in Journal
Financial Structure and Systemic Risk of Banks: Evidence from Chinese Reform
Previous Article in Special Issue
Italy without Urban ‘Sprinkling’. A Uchronia for a Country that Needs a Retrofit of Its Urban and Landscape Planning
Open AccessEditor’s ChoiceReview

Ecological Urban Planning and Design: A Systematic Literature Review

Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute, School of Design and the Built Environment, Curtin University, Bentley 6102, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(13), 3723;
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 28 June 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 8 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Urban Planning and Land Management)
Urbanization is a defining feature of the modern age, yet the current model of urban development profoundly alters the natural environment, often reducing biodiversity and ultimately threatening human wellbeing. An ecologically based urban planning and design paradigm should consider a more harmonious relationship. Through a systematic literature review of 57 papers, this research identified relevant concepts and theories that could underpin this new paradigm. It revealed a noticeable increase in academic interest in this subject since 2013 and the development of concepts and theories that reflect a more holistic socio-ecological systems approach to urban planning and design based on a transdisciplinary integration and synthesis of research. Seven main themes underpin the academic literature: ecosystem services, socio-ecological systems, resilience, biodiversity, landscape, green infrastructure, as well as integrated and holistic approaches. Six of these can be organised into either a sustainability stream or a spatial stream, representing the foundations of a potential new ecological urban planning and design paradigm that applies sustainability-related concepts in a spatial setting. The final theme, integrated and holistic, includes concepts that reflect the fundamental characteristics of this new paradigm, which can be termed ‘urban consonance’. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban planning; systematic literature review; ecosystem services; urban consonance urban planning; systematic literature review; ecosystem services; urban consonance
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Heymans, A.; Breadsell, J.; Morrison, G.M.; Byrne, J.J.; Eon, C. Ecological Urban Planning and Design: A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability 2019, 11, 3723.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop