Migrant Workers and Physical Health: An Umbrella Review
AbstractMigrants are mainly employed in “3D jobs” which are dirty, dangerous, and difficult, are characterized by monotony and intense rhythms, and are found in sectors with higher risks such as construction, heavy industry, and agriculture. The aim of this study is to construct a systematic review in order to identify the main occupational risks and occupational diseases of this category. Research included articles published from 2013 to 2018 on major online databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Scopus), which were obtained using a combination of keywords (migrant workers, expatriates, physical health, diseases, illnesses, travel, travelers, work, and occupational medicine). The online search included 1109 references. We excluded 977 studies because they were unrelated to physical health and another 64 due to duplication. There were 68 articles which were analyzed, including six reviews and 62 original articles. The main risks which emerged are developing infectious diseases, metabolic cardiovascular diseases and manifesting a lower quality of life, in particular due to difficulties in accessing local health services. It will be crucial to implement the role of occupational medicine in order to introduce multilevel interventions designed to prevent work-related injuries and illnesses, and to promote healthier working environments. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Mucci, N.; Traversini, V.; Giorgi, G.; Garzaro, G.; Fiz-Perez, J.; Campagna, M.; Rapisarda, V.; Tommasi, E.; Montalti, M.; Arcangeli, G. Migrant Workers and Physical Health: An Umbrella Review. Sustainability 2019, 11, 232.
Mucci N, Traversini V, Giorgi G, Garzaro G, Fiz-Perez J, Campagna M, Rapisarda V, Tommasi E, Montalti M, Arcangeli G. Migrant Workers and Physical Health: An Umbrella Review. Sustainability. 2019; 11(1):232.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mucci, Nicola; Traversini, Veronica; Giorgi, Gabriele; Garzaro, Giacomo; Fiz-Perez, Javier; Campagna, Marcello; Rapisarda, Venerando; Tommasi, Eleonora; Montalti, Manfredi; Arcangeli, Giulio. 2019. "Migrant Workers and Physical Health: An Umbrella Review." Sustainability 11, no. 1: 232.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.