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Open AccessArticle

Social Psychological Theories and Sustainable Second Language Learning: A Model Comparison Approach

by Kyung Ja Kim 1 and Tae-Il Pae 2,*
1
Department of English Education, College of Education, Chosun University, Gwangju 61452, Korea
2
Department of English Language Education, School of Education, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2019, 11(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11010016
Received: 9 December 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 19 December 2018 / Published: 20 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Psychology of Sustainability and Sustainable Development)
The purposes of the present study are two-fold: (1) To examine whether social psychological variables, such as attitude and subjective norm, can predict South Korean English as a foreign language high school students’ intention to learn English, and (2) to identify the best social psychological model for sustainable second language learning in the context of South Korean English as a foreign language (EFL) learning. A total of 614 South Korean high school learners of English participated in the present study. Data collected from a survey questionnaire were analyzed using a structural equation modeling procedure. Results of the present study indicate that South Korean high school students’ attitudes toward learning English and subjective norms made a significant and independent contribution to the variance in their intention to study English. Among the three competing social psychological models examined in the current study, the theory of Planned Behavior and an expanded model of Gardner’s Socio-educational Model proved to be the most effective in terms of the strength of path coefficients and explanatory power. Theoretical and pedagogical implications are provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; social psychology; second language acquisition; theory of reasoned action; theory of planned behavior; socioeducational model sustainable development; social psychology; second language acquisition; theory of reasoned action; theory of planned behavior; socioeducational model
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Kim, K.J.; Pae, T.-I. Social Psychological Theories and Sustainable Second Language Learning: A Model Comparison Approach. Sustainability 2019, 11, 16.

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