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Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 748; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030748

The Mapping of On-Line Learning to Flipped Classroom: Small Private Online Course

1
Department of International Trade, Business School of Shantou University, 243 Daxue Rd., Jinping Dist., Shantou 528400, China
2
Department of Finance, Business School of Shantou University, 243 Daxue Rd., Jinping Dist., Shantou 528400, China
3
Graduate Institute of Global Business and Strategy, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei 10645, Taiwan
4
College of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, National Taipei University of Education, Taipei 10671, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2018 / Revised: 3 March 2018 / Accepted: 5 March 2018 / Published: 9 March 2018
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Abstract

This study uses an integrated pedagogical tool for knowledge learning as an on-line tool for flipped classroom activities and as an off-line capability training tool. Theoretically, the Experiential Learning Cycle (ELC) plays a critical role in promoting students learning effectiveness and performance. However, a dearth of research has applied M-learning and flipped classroom in combination with the ELC stages such as concrete experience, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization, and active experimentation to examine the knowledge and ability learning outcomes for students. This study integrates the On line to Off line (O2O) classroom development and usage derived from the four stages of ELC based on on-line knowledge learning and off-line ability training in Microeconomics courses. The results revealed significant improvements in students learning outcomes after O2O mode was implemented. In comparison with traditional teaching methods, not only does O2O teaching significantly improve the students’ learning result of professional knowledge, but O2O teaching also significantly enhanced the capabilities of the students. Furthermore, this study reports the findings from major activities of each ELC stage in O2O classroom practice along with the mapping of on-line learning and off-line training included in the aforementioned stages. Finally, the study provides pedagogical implications and future research directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: M-learning; flipped classroom; O2O classroom; experiential learning cycle; learning performance M-learning; flipped classroom; O2O classroom; experiential learning cycle; learning performance
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Zheng, M.; Chu, C.-C.; Wu, Y.J.; Gou, W. The Mapping of On-Line Learning to Flipped Classroom: Small Private Online Course. Sustainability 2018, 10, 748.

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