Smart Charging Systems for Plug-in Electric Vehicles
AbstractThis paper describes “smart charging” systems for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The principal design feature is that the system uses gathered information to adaptively control PHEV charging, and does so in a way that allows customer PHEVs to still be charged at a preferred rate (cost). This paper reviews the drivers for smart charging, including electric grid readiness for large adoption rates of PHEVs, and considers national, regional and local distribution level issues. At the distribution level, the effect of increased PHEV charging loads on transformers is considered. The current state of standardization is reviewed with emphasis on communication messages and use cases that reflect smart charging attributes. Centralized system approaches are described, such as integrating electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), i.e. chargers, into Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) networks, and treating EVSEs as controllable loads for Demand Response programs. Metering and monitoring the transformers that feed EVSEs can drive a control scheme that is either centralized or distributed. Alternatives to AMI-integration for centralized networks are also reviewed, including commercially available systems. Additionally, smart charging is considered from the billing perspective, where system approaches are described that allow for identification and association between connected PHEVs, EVSEs, premise meters and other smart devices.
Share & Cite This Article
Shocket, A. Smart Charging Systems for Plug-in Electric Vehicles. World Electr. Veh. J. 2012, 5, 696-701.
Shocket A. Smart Charging Systems for Plug-in Electric Vehicles. World Electric Vehicle Journal. 2012; 5(3):696-701.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shocket, Abe. 2012. "Smart Charging Systems for Plug-in Electric Vehicles." World Electr. Veh. J. 5, no. 3: 696-701.