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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Survey on Fault-Tolerant Vehicle Design

KTH Royal Institute of Technology, School of Engineering Science, Department of Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, SE–100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2012, 5(2), 598-609;
Published: 29 June 2012
PDF [1046 KB, uploaded 17 May 2018]


Fault-tolerant vehicle design is an emerging inter-disciplinary research domain, which is of increased importance due to the electrification of automotive systems. The goal of fault-tolerant systems is to handle occuring faults under operational condition and enable the driver to get to a safe stop. This paper presents results from an extended survey on fault-tolerant vehicle design. It aims to provide a holistic view on the fault-tolerant aspects of a vehicular system. An overview of fault-tolerant systems in general and their design premises is given as well as the specific aspects related to automotive applications. The paper highlights recent and prospective development of vehicle motion control with integrated chassis control and passive and active fault-tolerant control. Also, fault detection and diagnosis methods are briefly described. The shift on control level of vehicles will be accompanied by basic structural changes within the network architecture. Control architecture as well as communication protocols and topologies are adapted to comply with the electrified automotive systems. Finally, the role of regulations and international standardization to enable fault-tolerant vehicle design is taken into consideration.
Keywords: reliability; safety; wheel hub motor; diagnosis; control system reliability; safety; wheel hub motor; diagnosis; control system
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wanner, D.; Trigell, A.S.; Drugge, L.; Jerrelind, J. Survey on Fault-Tolerant Vehicle Design. World Electr. Veh. J. 2012, 5, 598-609.

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