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World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Lightweight Body in White Design Using Topology-, Shapeand Size Optimisation

Coventry University, Priory Street, Coventry, CV1 5FB, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2012, 5(1), 137-148;
Published: 30 March 2012
PDF [1286 KB, uploaded 17 May 2018]


As focus on the world climate rises, so does the demand for ever more environmentally friendly technologies. The response from the automotive industry includes vehicles whose primary propulsion systems are not based upon fossil fuels. On this basis a Low Carbon Vehicle Technology Project (LCVTP), partly funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), has been completed. The project included designing a lightweight Body In White (BIW), specifically tailored to suit the drive train and general packaging requirements associated with a Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV). The future opportunities for optimising the new lightweight vehicle architecture have been investigated using a technique entitled topology optimisation, which extracts the idealised load paths for a given set of load cases, followed by a shape- and size optimisation in order to provide local areas of the vehicle with more definition. An appropriate shape- and size optimisation process for frontal crashworthiness scenarios has been developed by comparing and combining different point selection methods and applying various metamodelling techniques.
Keywords: Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV); Electric Vehicle (EV); optimization Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV); Electric Vehicle (EV); optimization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Bastien, C.; Christensen, J.; Blundell, M.V.; Kurakins, J. Lightweight Body in White Design Using Topology-, Shapeand Size Optimisation. World Electr. Veh. J. 2012, 5, 137-148.

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