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Research and Development Work on Lithium-ion Batteries for Enviromental Vehicles
World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Capacity Measurements of Li-Ion Batteries using AC Impedance Spectroscopy

Danish Technological Institute, Kongsvang Allé 29, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3(1), 127-133;
Published: 27 March 2009
PDF [828 KB, uploaded 14 May 2018]


This work presents AC impedance measurements (EIS) on a Li-Tec 40 Ah Li-Ion battery cell, including measurements in a climate chamber at different temperatures. The objective of this work is to provide a preliminary basis for estimating the potential of using EIS as a diagnostic tool for battery capacity measurements. In order to estimate the feasibility a Li-Ion battery cell is characterized by several EIS measurement, including measurements in a controlled temperature environment. From the measurements it can be seen that the impedance spectrum indeed changes as a function of State-of-Charge (SOC). However, measurements also show that the same spectrum is also strongly temperature dependent. Is is however concluded that EIS can potentially be used as a capacity diagnostic tool if a non-isothermal battery model based on EIS input data can be developed. The climate chamber measurements also features temperature data of the battery temperature compared to surrounding temperature, this data shows that a battery voltage drop will invoke a battery temperature increase. As the impedance measurements presented in this work are carried out on flexible low-cost Labview platform using conventional data acquisition equipment, suggestions have been presented on how EIS, as a diagnostic tool, preferably can be embedded in the battery management system.
Keywords: impedance spectroscopy; lithium battery; state of charge; battery model; data acquisition impedance spectroscopy; lithium battery; state of charge; battery model; data acquisition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Jespersen, J.; Tønnesen, A.; Nørregaard, K.; Overgaard, L.; Elefsen, F. Capacity Measurements of Li-Ion Batteries using AC Impedance Spectroscopy. World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3, 127-133.

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