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Viruses 2017, 9(10), 285;

Protein Inhibitor of Activated STAT2 Restricts HCV Replication by Modulating Viral Proteins Degradation

State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 September 2017 / Revised: 27 September 2017 / Accepted: 27 September 2017 / Published: 30 September 2017
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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication in cells is controlled by many host factors. In this report, we found that protein inhibitor of activated STAT2 (PIAS2), which is a small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) E3 ligase, restricted HCV replication. During infection, HCV core, NS3 and NS5A protein expression, as well as the viral assembly and budding efficiency were enhanced when endogenous PIAS2 was knocked down, whereas exogenous PIAS2 expression decreased HCV core, NS3, and NS5A protein expression and the viral assembly and budding efficiency. PIAS2 did not influence the viral entry, RNA replication, and protein translation steps of the viral life cycle. When expressed together with SUMO1, PIAS2 reduced the HCV core, NS3 and NS5A protein levels expressed from individual plasmids through the proteasome pathway in a ubiquitin-independent manner; the stability of these proteins in the HCV infectious system was enhanced when PIAS2 was knocked down. Furthermore, we found that the core was SUMOylated at amino acid K78, and PIAS2 enhanced the SUMOylation level of the core. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hepatitis C virus; PIAS2; protein stability Hepatitis C virus; PIAS2; protein stability

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Guo, J.; Chen, D.; Gao, X.; Hu, X.; Zhou, Y.; Wu, C.; Wang, Y.; Chen, J.; Pei, R.; Chen, X. Protein Inhibitor of Activated STAT2 Restricts HCV Replication by Modulating Viral Proteins Degradation. Viruses 2017, 9, 285.

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