Next Article in Journal
Special Issue “COVID-19 and Thrombosis”
Next Article in Special Issue
Allele-Specific Dual PCRs to Identify Members of the 27a Cluster of PPV
Previous Article in Journal
Pathophysiology of Influenza D Virus Infection in Specific-Pathogen-Free Lambs with or without Prior Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae Exposure
Previous Article in Special Issue
High Prevalence of Porcine Circovirus 3 in Hungarian Pig Herds: Results of a Systematic Sampling Protocol
 
 
Article

Changes in Estimating the Wild Boar Carcasses Sampling Effort: Applying the EFSA ASF Exit Strategy by Means of the WBC-Counter Tool

1
Osservatorio Epidemiologico Veterinario Regionale (OEVR), Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sardegna, 09125 Cagliari, Italy
2
Department of Cardiac Thoracic Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
3
ATS Sardegna, ASSL Sassari, Servizio di Sanità Animale, 07100 Sassari, Italy
4
Department of Wildlife, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sardegna, 07100 Sassari, Italy
5
Department of Animal Health, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sardegna, 07100 Sassari, Italy
6
Italian Reference Laboratory for Pestivirus and Asfivirus, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Umbria e delle Marche, 06126 Perugia, Italy
7
Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA), 00144 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Grzegorz Wozniakowski
Viruses 2022, 14(7), 1424; https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071424
Received: 10 May 2022 / Revised: 17 June 2022 / Accepted: 27 June 2022 / Published: 28 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue State-of-the-Art Porcine Viruses Research in Europe)
African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating disease, resulting in the high mortality of domestic and wild pigs, spreading quickly around the world. Ensuring the prevention and early detection of the disease is even more crucial given the absence of licensed vaccines. As suggested by the European Commission, those countries which intend to provide evidence of freedom need to speed up passive surveillance of their wild boar populations. If this kind of surveillance is well-regulated in domestic pig farms, the country-specific activities to be put in place for wild populations need to be set based on wild boar density, hunting bags, the environment, and financial resources. Following the indications of the official EFSA opinion 2021, a practical interpretation of the strategy was implemented based on the failure probabilities of wrongly declaring the freedom of an area even if the disease is still present but undetected. This work aimed at providing a valid, applicative example of an exit strategy based on two different approaches: the first uses the wild boar density to estimate the number of carcasses need to complete the exit strategy, while the second estimates it from the number of wild boar hunted and tested. A practical free access tool, named WBC-Counter, was developed to automatically calculate the number of needed carcasses. The practical example was developed using the ASF data from Sardinia (Italian island). Sardinia is ASF endemic from 43 years, but the last ASFV detection dates back to 2019. The island is under consideration for ASF eradication declaration. The subsequent results provide a practical example for other countries in approaching the EFSA exit strategy in the best choices for its on-field application. View Full-Text
Keywords: African swine fever; freedom of infection; passive surveillance; risk factor; wild boar; carcasses; exit strategy African swine fever; freedom of infection; passive surveillance; risk factor; wild boar; carcasses; exit strategy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cappai, S.; Baldi, I.; Desini, P.; Pintore, A.; Denurra, D.; Cherchi, M.; Rolesu, S.; Mandas, D.; Franzoni, G.; Fiori, M.S.; Oggiano, A.; Feliziani, F.; Guberti, V.; Loi, F. Changes in Estimating the Wild Boar Carcasses Sampling Effort: Applying the EFSA ASF Exit Strategy by Means of the WBC-Counter Tool. Viruses 2022, 14, 1424. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071424

AMA Style

Cappai S, Baldi I, Desini P, Pintore A, Denurra D, Cherchi M, Rolesu S, Mandas D, Franzoni G, Fiori MS, Oggiano A, Feliziani F, Guberti V, Loi F. Changes in Estimating the Wild Boar Carcasses Sampling Effort: Applying the EFSA ASF Exit Strategy by Means of the WBC-Counter Tool. Viruses. 2022; 14(7):1424. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071424

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cappai, Stefano, Ileana Baldi, Pietro Desini, Antonio Pintore, Daniele Denurra, Marcella Cherchi, Sandro Rolesu, Daniela Mandas, Giulia Franzoni, Mariangela Stefania Fiori, Annalisa Oggiano, Francesco Feliziani, Vittorio Guberti, and Federica Loi. 2022. "Changes in Estimating the Wild Boar Carcasses Sampling Effort: Applying the EFSA ASF Exit Strategy by Means of the WBC-Counter Tool" Viruses 14, no. 7: 1424. https://doi.org/10.3390/v14071424

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop