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Article

Forest Company Dependencies and Impacts on Ecosystem Services: Expert Perceptions from China

1
School of Foreign Languages, Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanchang 330032, Jiangxi, China
2
Department of Forest Sciences, P. O. Box 27 (Latokartanonkaari 7), University of Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ir. Kris verheyen
Forests 2017, 8(4), 134; https://doi.org/10.3390/f8040134
Received: 13 February 2017 / Revised: 3 April 2017 / Accepted: 19 April 2017 / Published: 22 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Management Strategies for Forest Ecosystem Services)
Global awareness of sustainability issues is growing rapidly, and business organizations are called to address wider social and environmental concerns along with economic performance. However, limited systematic knowledge exists on the interactions between forest industries and natural ecosystems. We thus investigated the role of ecosystem services in the context of China’s forest sector. A qualitative research approach was used to elicit company external expert viewpoints on the topic. Our analysis focused on three themes: (1) forest company dependencies and impacts on ecosystem services; (2) business risks arising from dependencies and impacts; and (3) risk response strategies. The interviewed 20 experts identified a series of forest company dependencies and impacts (including negative and positive impacts) on several ecosystem services. The extent of dependencies and impacts is largely influenced by the business portfolio of the company. The perceived business risks include intense competition and the consequently increasing price for natural resources, which would affect forest company business plans, costs and outputs. The suggested strategies for turning risks into opportunities include outsourcing wood, changing production focus, promoting industrial upgrading and implementing regular assessments of corporate dependencies and impacts on ecosystem services. The findings of our study can guide companies’ decision-making in managing forest ecosystems sustainably. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest company; ecosystem services; dependency; impact; expert perception; China forest company; ecosystem services; dependency; impact; expert perception; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wan, M.; D’Amato, D.; Toppinen, A.; Rekola, M. Forest Company Dependencies and Impacts on Ecosystem Services: Expert Perceptions from China. Forests 2017, 8, 134. https://doi.org/10.3390/f8040134

AMA Style

Wan M, D’Amato D, Toppinen A, Rekola M. Forest Company Dependencies and Impacts on Ecosystem Services: Expert Perceptions from China. Forests. 2017; 8(4):134. https://doi.org/10.3390/f8040134

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wan, Minli; D’Amato, Dalia; Toppinen, Anne; Rekola, Mika. 2017. "Forest Company Dependencies and Impacts on Ecosystem Services: Expert Perceptions from China" Forests 8, no. 4: 134. https://doi.org/10.3390/f8040134

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