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Managing Forests for Water in the Anthropocene—The Best Kept Secret Services of Forest Ecosystems
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Forest Management Challenges for Sustaining Water Resources in the Anthropocene

by Ge Sun 1,* and James M. Vose 2
1
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
2
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Center for Integrated Forest Science, Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Timothy A. Martin
Forests 2016, 7(3), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/f7030068
Received: 19 January 2016 / Revised: 3 March 2016 / Accepted: 10 March 2016 / Published: 15 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Management and Water Resources in the Anthropocene)
The Earth has entered the Anthropocene epoch that is dominated by humans who demand unprecedented quantities of goods and services from forests. The science of forest hydrology and watershed management generated during the past century provides a basic understanding of relationships among forests and water and offers management principles that maximize the benefits of forests for people while sustaining watershed ecosystems. However, the rapid pace of changes in climate, disturbance regimes, invasive species, human population growth, and land use expected in the 21st century is likely to create substantial challenges for watershed management that may require new approaches, models, and best management practices. These challenges are likely to be complex and large scale, involving a combination of direct and indirect biophysical watershed responses, as well as socioeconomic impacts and feedbacks. We discuss the complex relationships between forests and water in a rapidly changing environment, examine the trade-offs and conflicts between water and other resources, and propose new management approaches for sustaining water resources in the Anthropocene. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; disturbance; drought; forest hydrology; modeling; urbanization; watershed management climate change; disturbance; drought; forest hydrology; modeling; urbanization; watershed management
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Sun, G.; Vose, J.M. Forest Management Challenges for Sustaining Water Resources in the Anthropocene. Forests 2016, 7, 68.

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