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Article

Individual-Tree Competition Indices and Improved Compatibility with Stand-Level Estimates of Stem Density and Long-Term Production

1
Rayonier Inc., University of Georgia, NC State University, P.O. Box 1679, Yulee, FL 32041, USA
2
School of Forest Resources, University of Maine, Orono, ME 04469-5755, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Timothy A. Martin
Forests 2016, 7(10), 238; https://doi.org/10.3390/f7100238
Received: 1 July 2016 / Revised: 27 September 2016 / Accepted: 30 September 2016 / Published: 15 October 2016
When explaining the dynamics of individual trees, the incorporation of size and distance of neighboring trees into a model can improve the prediction of growth and mortality. Several methods have been proposed to define the number of competing trees based on variable zone radii and the principles of angle count sampling. The task of measuring position-dependent competition indices appears to be ideally suited for permanent sample plots and long-term studies of growth and yield (production), where the marginal effort of remeasurement is concentrated on measuring size attributes of survivor trees and the occasional distance of a new sample tree. The proposed competition index is based on point sampling with a variable basal area factor (BAFV) that is partially derived from the Spurr (1962) competition index. Point sampling is a fast, easy, and inexpensive methodology for selecting the number of competing trees, and the new BAFV methodology proved to be very efficient for estimating growth. With the selection of an appropriate basal area factor, it is possible to reduce the number of subject trees and competition trees in the sample, and eliminate the need for edge correction methods. Although the index value assigned to the subject tree using the BAFV is biased, an appropriate correction is presented and discussed. The average competition index obtained from using the corrected value for the subject tree and the BAFV for the competing trees equals the stand level estimate of basal area. View Full-Text
Keywords: angle count or point sampling; permanent sample plots; additive estimates angle count or point sampling; permanent sample plots; additive estimates
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MDPI and ACS Style

McTague, J.P.; Weiskittel, A.R. Individual-Tree Competition Indices and Improved Compatibility with Stand-Level Estimates of Stem Density and Long-Term Production. Forests 2016, 7, 238. https://doi.org/10.3390/f7100238

AMA Style

McTague JP, Weiskittel AR. Individual-Tree Competition Indices and Improved Compatibility with Stand-Level Estimates of Stem Density and Long-Term Production. Forests. 2016; 7(10):238. https://doi.org/10.3390/f7100238

Chicago/Turabian Style

McTague, John P., and Aaron R. Weiskittel. 2016. "Individual-Tree Competition Indices and Improved Compatibility with Stand-Level Estimates of Stem Density and Long-Term Production" Forests 7, no. 10: 238. https://doi.org/10.3390/f7100238

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